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Claus-Sun Tzu Disc

Claus-Sun Tzu Disc - Discuss the relevance of Clausewitz...

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Discuss the relevance of Clausewitz and Sun Tzu to contemporary warfare Gray-contemporary warfare: postmodern war, technological war, information war, permanent war, cyber war: high tech weapons, computers, permanent military mobilizations, limited war actual military combat minimum attempt to remove chance and contingency-historically as well as in postmodern times psychological operations are more important than military operations, part of information management, attempt to control information to control people Clausewitz: wasnt highly regarded in the UK, apostle of mass slaughter, often criticized for providing though that lead to wars, Clausewitz couldn't foresee railroads nor ideology/nationalism (effect on warfare) -First sentence- key to clausewitz, thought holistically, the whole of war, saw it as an ide, sought to write science of warfare, couldnt do so, what happens in war is unpredictable -Role of friction in warfare- using science -Writes in terms of dialectic- nature vs. character, strategy vs. tactics, ziel( tactical aim) vs. zweck(overall purpose), interplay btwn genuis vs. unpredictability and chance -Both he and hagel responding to Napoleonic era and the way a commander who was a genius could manipulate war. -Historical consciousness- -Nature- stays the same, primordial violence, hatred, emnity, doesnt change no matter who youre fighting; character- Chris Brown- critic culturally specific, -Ziel always subordinate to zweck. with many tactical successes can still not accomplish zweck (Vietnam, Korean War), -Genius in warfare- must never go beyond culminating point of victory, viable political alternative, idea of nuclear war may not leave this -Grammar of war- ideas, images, visions way you envision war -War continuation of politics by other means. -Sought to see wars under political control, limit the amount of destruction you do so you dont go beyond point of victory, within napoleonic context, sense that Napoleon turned military into political, Clausewitz- politization of war -American way of warfare favors american way of battle- strategic battles -Clausewitz- nature vs. character indof asymmetrical warfare Gallie absolute war: war is an act of violence intended to compel enemy to do our will war nothing but extended duel-to render enemy incapable of further resistance-destroy completely or disarming reciprocal action to conceal intentions, deceive, surprise, outmaneuver, outmatch in strength which must escalate to an extreme
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real war: war political instrument-continuation of politics by other means politics continual influence on war-explain degree and intensity of destructiveness-not independent war is wonderful trinity: violence, chance, rationality-political instrument both sides determine character war will take-if one side wants limited war, other may not fight in a militarily limited way; may have limited political aim but unlimited war aim Howard military means in conduct of war: strategy of annihilation-destroy enemy's capacity to defend himself → attempt to make war decisive on battlefield
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