LECTURE: IR 305:
End of War?
-War is, has iron grip on society, human imagination, self-repricating pattern of behavior,
strongest cultural activity of all.
-Self-repricating nature of war- yugoslavia- Serbian, could snipe citizens in Sarajevo for
money; ultimate human safari, people just wanted experience of just fighting in the war.
-Some people want to do it, and they continue to do it indefinately, interstate war, between
major powers coming to an end.
-In the 3rd World, war degenerating into warfare, microviolence, crime, war coming to end
even in this sense.
-We are entering new era of cultural grammar of war- cyberspace, fighting war with robots
rather than other human beings. end of Clauseqitzian model of war.
-War btwn major powers no longer possible, popular since early 19th century.
-William james- moral equivalent of war (book), pacifist who loved what war produced,
stories war produced, nothing else but war produces sacrifice and heroism.
-Sports doesnt matter- war does matter it has consequences, william james would say
that we havent found a moral equivalent of war.
-James- War coming to an end, becoming nonprofitable, becoming embarassing and
-War would come to an end when it became vulgar.
-Oscar Wilde- when war become vulgar it comes to an end, war hasnt become vulgar
-Norman Angel- 1911- predicted that war didnt pay
-Wasnt saying wouldnt be wars, just saying that war isnt better off.
-But the US did better from war in early years, only came out of Great
Depression with WWII.
-US no longer making money out of war (Iraq), thats a fact
-James- war becoming embarassing because cultures just declare wars on each other,
havent since 1945.
-Ministries of War now ministries of defense- we are preventing war now.
-Why were these writers wrong (WWI)?
-The state itself has changed, territorial states need territory from war, need
space for population, ideological space (cold war- first world, second- communism, third
world)- today different kind of state- states that dont need territory, enrich by producing
economic networks, war is bad for the network, disrupts these networks, it is the state system
that has changed,
-Ulrich Beck (Risk)- we now have states that are strucuturally unfit for war (Darwinian