Presentation- Cyprus LL278

Presentation- Cyprus LL278 - Hello everyone The article I...

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Hello everyone. The article I have selected comes from CyprusMail, a leading newspaper in Cyprus, and pertains to the ongoing dispute in Cyprus. Before first going into the issues discussed in the article, I would first like to place the article within a historical context because to see the implications of the news you kindof have to have history. After that I will discuss the implications, if any, of the ECHR's recent decision on the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus quest for statehood and recognition by the international community. So Cyprus had been a British colony after it was ceded from Turkey in 1878. Its populations was composed largely of Turkish and Greek citizens. After the first World War, each of these populations put forth self-determination claims and engaged in armed struggle against British colonial rule, intensifying in the 1950s. During the broad movement in the 1960s of decolonization and in accordance with the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples (UNGA Resolution 1514) , which called for "immediate steps to be taken. .to transfer all power to the peoples of those territories that have yet attained independence in order to enable them to enjoy complete independence and freedom", Britain granted independence to Cyprus. For the sake of regional peace and stability it was decided to compel the two communities to exercise their self-determination jointly within a single state. Essentially a power-sharing state. In 1963, inter-communal violence broke out and the Greek Cypriots illegally usurps all government powers. In 1974, Turkey violates UN Charter Article 2 (4) by using force and occupying 38% of all of Cyprus. In reaction to this use of force and subsequent occupation, the UN General Assembly issued Resolution 3221 (reinforced by UNSC 365) which condemned this illegal intervention and "urged the speedy withdrawal of all foreign military forces". The Security Council in resolution 353 and 365 called upon all states to "respect the sovereignty, independence, and territorial integrity of Cyprus and demanded an immediate end to foreign military intervention in the island that was contrary to such respect. Turkey however did not however withdraw its forces and they set up the situation that led in 1983 to Turkish Cypriots in Northern Cyprus to proclaim their independence as the "Turkish Repubulic of Northern Cyprus". I will discuss the status of the TRNC in a second though. Turkey's occupation has witnessed severe violations of human rights of the Greek Cypriots in the "occupied areas" including the deprivation of property, the destruction of the historical, cultural, and religious heritage of Cyprus (mosaics), and the holding of over 70,000 Cypriot civilian prisoners in concentration camps in Northern Cyprus and Turkey. These represent violations of the 1907 Hague Convention (Article 46), the 1949 Geneva Convention (Article 49- a large number of Turks have been brought to the north from Turkey to
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This note was uploaded on 09/04/2010 for the course GOVT 100 taught by Professor Peterenns during the Spring '08 term at Cornell.

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Presentation- Cyprus LL278 - Hello everyone The article I...

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