ART 2302 History of Art I Midterm.docx - ART 2303 History...

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ART 2303 History of Art I MidtermGreek Dark Ages: Collapse of civilization/architecture moves away from the sea/smaller communities.The Heroon: Biggest building from dark age Greece. Graves out front/religious significance/close to their heroes. Two graves in the center/important people/hero shrine. Sumerian pieces of wealth buried with the heroes shows trade with other civilizations. Greek tragedy/women killed herself after hero died.Dipylon Amphora: Vase/storage vessel of liquid that women placed on their heads. 6ft tall/long time to paint. Monumental vase/someone very important buried inside. Symbols of the people onthe vase show mourning/women expected to show grief. Use of amphora for women because women take care of the house.Dipylon Krater: Mixing vessel at a male wealthy drinking party/sat in the center of the room. Only for old experienced rich men and young heros. Mixed wine and water/valued self control.Orientalizing Greece: Greece fully recovers from the dark ages. Colonization begins/Greek culture begins to spread. Asian influence of art/increase in trade with the east. Eastern design on pottery.Doric - no base/simple/triglyph and metope/broken up decorationIonic - sculpted base/frieze/continuous decoration. East mainly Ionic.Stereobate - foundation on the ground/lowest pointStylobate - top step where the columns restArchitrave - Area right above the columnsPediment - top The Temple of Hera: hexastyle/can walk through the center/see the god. Large temples built for political competition/massive scale.Hexastyle - 6 columns across the frontArchaic: All smiling. Are not portraits/generic/representations of ideal people. Greeks values youth over anything else. Do not show age or flaws or pain.New York Kouros: Egyptian Influence/linear. Unlike Egyptians, greeks have nudity. Nudity is is strength, for sports, and a status symbol. Shows that you fit in/in training. Nudity is a way of honoring the gods, embracing divinity. Classical Greece: More naturalistic. Better understanding of anatomy. Begins to show age thoughbeards. Still will not see pain. Greeks always in control of emotionsSynoptic Narrative: Compressed narrative, multiple parts of the story told at one time. Greek art depicts myths instead of history.

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Term
Fall
Professor
WilliamM.Jensen
Tags
Ancient Greece, Middle Ages, Hellenistic Civilization

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