w04E_Soil_Types - What You Can Do If you have clay soil,...

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Soil Types Soil can be a gardener's best friend or worst enemy. Good quality soil is essential to the development of  healthy plants. Unfortunately, few of us are lucky enough to naturally have good soil. The three main types of soil are clay, loam, and sand. Loam is the ideal soil type. However, most  Southern gardens have clay soil. To determine your soil's type, pick up a small hunk of moist soil and  roll it between your fingers. If you have clay soil, you'll be able to roll the soil into a marble shape.  With sandy soil, the hunk will immediately fall apart. With loam, the rolling will stick together at  first but ultimately fall apart.
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Unformatted text preview: What You Can Do If you have clay soil, you might want to rent or purchase a tiller. Clay soil tends to be compacted, which is bad for drainage and root growth. Organic materials, such as compost, peat moss, and manure, improve every soil type. They help bind sandy soil and break up clay soil. Add some organic material and then blend it into the existing soil. Finally, a layer of mulch is a good idea for every soil type. It helps retain moisture and prevent weeds, and keeps the surface porous. With a little extra attention and added materials, and a little time, you can turn your problem soil into an asset....
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