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Discussion Forum Unit 1 Question: What do you make of Karl Marx’s contributions to sociology? What perceptions of Marx have you been exposed to in your society, and how do those perceptions influence your views? Answer: Karl Marx was the inventor of the theory of Dialectical Materialism. This is founded on the kind of dialectical logic introduced by Hegel, however it centres on the material and economic aspects of life as the primary force in the dialectical process of historical change. Marx famously said: "The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways. The point, however, is to change it." (Marx, K 1888). In this vein the sociologists of the school of Critical Theory, following Marx, have devoted their work to a comprehensive critique of the capitalist system, it’s inequalities, injustices, cruelties.One of Marx’s major ideas was the notion of “false consciousness”. Herbert Marcuse was anearly Critical Theorist who published a well-known book entitled “The One-Dimensional Man” (Marcuse, H. 1964) This book dealt with the subject of material progress in capitalist societies leading those living in them not to recognise that they are being oppressed. Through the process of voting etc., the people are given the illusion that they have some real control over the system which they live under, but this is merely an insidious form of domination by an elite (the-philosophy.com, n.d.).
Revolutionary forces become simply an integrated part of the society, thus are rendered incapable of bringing about any actual meaningful change. This is an advanced state of the “false