moritz1 - Bio1B EVOLUTION Craig Moritz IB/MVZ VLSB 3101...

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Bio1B EVOLUTION Craig Moritz IB/MVZ, VLSB 3101 Office hours: M 9-10; W 9-10 [email protected] • Mechanisms of evolution (L3-6) • Species and how they arise (L8-9) • Evidence from fossils - macroevolution (L10) • The evolution of novelties (L11) • Human evolution and medicine (L12) 2 Why does evolution matter? • Understanding our own species – Origins, variation, health => evolutionary medicine • The arms race with pathogens – Antibiotic resistance; HIV control etc. • …. and insect pests of agriculture – Insecticide resistance • Saving biodiversity on a rapidly changing planet – Invasive species – Overharvesting LE 22-13 Patient No. 3 Patient No. 2 Patient No. 1 100 75 50 25 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Weeks Percent of HIV resistant to 3TC Penicillin : Discovered: 1929 (Fleming) Mass production: 1943 Resistance appears: 1947 (Staphylococcus aureus) 4 Development of the theory of evolution Aristotle (384-322 BC) Species fixed, scala naturae Linnaeus (1707-78) Hierarchical classification - binomial system Mutability of species Lamarck, E. Darwin Geological change Hutton, Lyell (uniformitarianism) Fossil record
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moritz1 - Bio1B EVOLUTION Craig Moritz IB/MVZ VLSB 3101...

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