lipid+summary - C4:0 means 4 carbons and 0 double bonds...

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Type of Free Fatty Acid (FFA) Name of FFA Butyrate (short chain) Myristate (medium chain) Palmitic acid or Palmitate (long chai Stearic acid or Stearate (long chain) Monounsaturated fatty acidPalmitoleic acid Oleic acid omega 6 fatty acids linoleic acid omega 3 fatty acids linolenic acid arachidonic acid ecosapentanoic acid (EPA) Fatty acids that can be synthesized Essential fatty acid since body cannot Once we consume the essential fatty *Extra information: Linoleic acid (C18:2) Linolenic acid (C18:3) Saturated fatty acid- Short, medium and long chain omega 6 * omega 3 * bonds to make these. Not enough is Once consumed 2 more carbons added and 2 double bonds inserted Once consumed 2 more carbons added and 2 double bonds inserted
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Things to remember: natural fats are cis- processing causes trans-fat, increasing shelf-life of the fat 20-35% of calories in the diet should come from total fat <7% (~15g/day) from saturated fat <1% (~2g/day) from trans fat Arachidonic acid, EPA are polyunsaturated fatty acids or PUFA. T
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Structure (number of carbon : number of double bonds) Sources
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Unformatted text preview: C4:0 means 4 carbons and 0 double bonds butter, cream, cheese C14:0 means 14 carbons and 0 double bonds coconut oil C16:0 means 16 carbons and 0 double bonds olive oil, peanut oil, corn oil C18:0 means 18 carbons and 0 double bonds C16:1 means 16 carbons and 1 double bond C18:1 means 18 carbons and 1 double bond olive oil, peanut oil, corn oil C18:2 means 18 carbons and 2 double bonds sunflower, safflower, corn oil C18:3 means 18 carbons and 3 double bonds flaxseed, soybean, canola oil C20:4 means 20 carbons and 4 double bonds C20:5 means 20 carbons and 5 double bonds fatty fish and fish oil by the body t make ty acids, body adds some more carbons and introduces some more double Arachidonic acid (C20:4) ecosapentanoic acid or EPA (20:5) s made by the body so they also fall under the essential fatty acid category . The are precursors for hormones and compounds with important cell regulatory functions like GI motility, v vasoconstriction, vasodilation, clotting....
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This note was uploaded on 09/06/2010 for the course CHEM 10894 taught by Professor Pederson during the Fall '10 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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lipid+summary - C4:0 means 4 carbons and 0 double bonds...

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