Asian American

Asian American - Asian American Language and Culture LIN...

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Asian American Language and Culture LIN 200 April 15, 2010 Chih-hsiang Shu
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Overview ± Asian American Language ± Chinese languages and linguistic features of Mandarin Chinese ± Taiwan Mandarin as a Creole
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Asian American Language
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History of immigration: first wave 1848 : California was annexed to the US territory and Asian laborers were imported. 1850 : Sugar cane planters began to import Asian laborers in Hawaii. 1882 : The Chinese Exclusion Act barred immigration from China. 1907 : An executive order banned remigration of Japanese and Korean laborers from Hawaii to the continent. Indian laborers began to arrive. 1908 : Gentleman’s Agreement restricted immigration from Japan.
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1917 : Immigration from India was prohibited. 1924 : The Immigration Act banned immigration by anyone who was not eligible for naturalization. From 1790 to 1952 : Asian immigrants, being non- white, could not become naturalized citizens. In Hawaii, Hawaii Creole English (HCE) was formed. Asians on the continent, on the other hand, never developed a creole.
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History of immigration: second wave 1924-1965 : With Asian immigration at a trickle, Asian communities remained generally stable. 1943 : The US alliance with China against Japan led to the repeal of the Chinese Exclusion Act. 1952 : The McCarran-Walter Act nullified racial restrictions on naturalization, but strict quotas were enforced. 1965 : The Immigration Reform Act significantly relaxed quotas on Asian immigrants.
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An overview of the languages of Asian immigrants Language families Languages Tai Lao, Thai Austronesian Tagalog, Illocano Unknown (possibly Altaic) Japanese, Korean Indo-European Hindi, Urdu Austro-Asiatic Khmer, Vietnamese Sino-Tibetan Chinese, Hmong
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Chinese languages and linguistic features of Mandarin Chinese
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7 Main Han Languages in China ± Mandarin 66% ± Wu 7.8% ± Xiang 4.4% ± Gan 2.2% ± Hakka 3.4% ± Cantonese 4.6% ± Min 3.7%
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Superstrate: English Substrate: Oceanic languages Mi no luk I not see “I didn’t look.” Mi no luk-im pikipiki bulong iu I not see-HIM? pig belong you “I didn’t see your pig.” Example: Solomon Islands Pidgin
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Some ethnic minority languages Tibetan Kam-Tai (Zhuang-Dong) Hmong-Mien (Miao-Yao) Tajik Mon Khmer Turkic Mongolian Manchu-Tungus Korean
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Linguistic features of Mandarin Chinese
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Part I: Writing system ± History: The earliest known samples are from the time of Shang dynasty (18th-12th century BC), but by then it was already a highly developed system,
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Asian American - Asian American Language and Culture LIN...

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