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Study_Guide_2 - Study Helper for Exam 2 Page 1 PSY100...

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Study Helper for Exam 2 PSY100 Section 5, Fall 2007 Page 1 Gingerich *Although the exams may include anything from the assigned modules as well as anything presented in class, points of focus for Exam 2 include the following: Module 6: Behavioral Genetics and Evolutionary Psychology 1. What is the genome ? 2. How are studies of twins useful to behavioral geneticists? 3. Describe several points made by critics of studies concluding that similarities between separated twins are due to genetics. 4. How much does adoption affect children’s personalities? In what ways do children generally benefit from adoption? 5. Think of several children you know, and describe their temperaments. 6. If a trait is highly heritable, what does this mean? 7. People respond differently to Rowan Atkinson and David Beckham (top of p. 100). What is the point of this example? 8. “Forget nature versus nurture; think nature via nurture.” Explain. 9. Generally describe the perspective of evolutionary psychology in explaining human B. 10. What happened when Balyaev and Trut tried to domesticate foxes? 11. Summarize evolutionary psychology’s perspective about gender differences in sexual B, and the evolutionary explanation for the differences. 12. What are the major critiques of the evolutionary perspective in explaining human B? Test Yourself 1. T F You share about 99.9 percent of your DNA with the person you like least in the world. 2. T F Identical twins result when two eggs are released from the mother and are both fertilized by a single sperm. 3. T F Most adopted children report feeling strongly attached to one or both adoptive parents. 4. T F An infant’s temperament is influenced mostly by her environment, not by her genes. 5. T F Exceptionally shy 2-year-olds are still pretty shy at age 8. * * * * * Module 7: Environmental Influences on Behavior 1. After reading this module, do you think parents deserve credit for their children’s successes? Do they deserve blame for their children’s failures? 2. What were the I.V. and D.V in the Rosenzweig and Krech experiment with young rats, described on page 110? What effect did the rat’s environment have on brain development? What related research has been done with human infants? 3. If a child hears English spoken with one accent at home and a different accent at school, which accent will the child most likely adopt?
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