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osd notes - 21:01:00 Jan 7 Development of the music...

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18/04/2010 21:01:00 Jan 7 Development of the music industry 1900 to 1920 Characteristics of music in our lives back in the day A lot of radio Top 40 am station – mainstream music Purchased cassette tapes and recorded songs from the radio Took out cassettes from the library Kiss, Led Zeppelin for the guys Late night videos: Duran Duran Ramones, weather girls. . What were the primary ways people experienced music during this time? People played their own music People listened to live music (concert, theatre,) What was Tin Pan Alley? (1890s) Sheet music was the main commodity for the music industry Tin Pan Alley was the center of the music industry
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Can you name some Tin Pan Alley songwriters? o Irving Berlin o The Gershwins o Hergy Carmichael Two types of music popular in 1890s, persisted through to 1920: Victorian-style ballads and waltz songs Ragtime: vigorous new style created by African-American musicians Victorian-style ballads and waltz songs Who was Irving Berlin? o From a poor Jewish family o Sang in bars or on the streets o He became a song plugger o Discovered by the Tin Pan Alley publishers for his lyrical talent o His songs reflected the cultures and values of the complex community in which he lived (multiethnic and predominantly immigrant/first-generation community of turn-of-the century NY City) How was popular music written in Tin Pan Alley o Pop music is a collaborative effort : different from classical music The creation of a popular song is a vastly different process from the composition of a classical piece o A lot of the Tin Pan Alley songwriters had arrangers and pianists who wrote down the music o Irving Berlin was both a lyricist and a composer
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What is the significance of the music being distributed by sheet music? o Sheet music is being distributed around NA and was giving a standardized version of these songs Would be different in live performance: different from what was on paper o Considered an oral art form o Although sheet music was the actual commodity being bought and sold, it is not representative of popular music because pop music is an oral culture Characteristics of Tin Pan Alley ballads: Tests: syllabic o For each syllable or word, there is one note o (one note per sylllable) Melismatic: lots of notes per syllable Melodies: diatonic with vocal range of an octave or less o Diatonic: sticking with the typical major or minor scales, one octave, pretty basic melodies Harmony: simple, tonal, triadic Form: standardized (see below) Form of Tin Pan Alley ballads: Piano intro o Typically starts with a piano intro o Relates to what comes later Vamp (repeating musical figure)
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o A simple repeating musical figure o popular in musical theatre, jazz, soul o especially in different kinds of music that have aspects of improvisation At least 2 verses Chorus with first and second endings Example 1:15. Fred Astaire, “Cheek to Cheek” (1935), pop, from Top Hat
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osd notes - 21:01:00 Jan 7 Development of the music...

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