refined midterm questions

refined midterm questions - 2. Technology, the Dawn of...

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2. Technology, the Dawn of Modern Popular Music, and the “King of Jazz” According to Whiteman, what were some of the difficulties created by early sound recording technology? for years before we began to record, it had been necessary for almost all recording laboratories to change the instrumentation of nearly all orchestral pieces certain instruments, notably the double basses, which were then used, the horn, the tympani and in lesser degree, other instruments, failed to yield satisfactory results the double basses frequently were discarded and replaced by a single tuba ordinary drums could not be put on record so the banjo was used as a tune drum What role did different dance steps play in the transformation of Whiteman’s music? 3. Big Band Swing Music: Race and Power in the Music Business How does Marvin Freedman characterize the musical differences between black and white musicians? How does he evaluate these differences? What does Irving Kolodin see as significant differences between black and white bands in terms of their working conditions and opportunities? What opportunities are particularly important in whether a band is successful or not? his valuation of black musicians over white ones may seem to counter common stereotypes about white superiority, yet stereotypes are still at work freedman identifies black musicians with the body and natural spontaneity, while he identifies whites with the mind, calculation and femininity essentialism: the notion that black music consists of a fixed repetiore of stylist elements that are transmitted genetically white jazz music: colder, cleaner, more conscious black jazz music: richer, looser, more relaxed played on the radio, get to perform for large audiences/good theatres, otherwise does not reach mass audience 5. Hillbilly and Race Music How does Kyle Crichton explain the musical industry’s attitude toward race and hillbilly music? Hillbilly Music: · Auditions were rare, usually the recording outfit travelled into the territory where songs were born · Fiddler John Carson (in the field) recording was so terrible the company was ashamed of it, sold a few copies to the local supplier and thought that would be it o It was a huge hit and after 500,000 sales nation wide the company invited him to New York to re-record a higher quality version of the song
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Race Music: · Previously record companies carefully hid the fact that colored singers were being used in songs · Afraid to advertise Negro records, so they listed them in the catalogue as “race” records o The Negros of Richmond Virginina were calling themselves the “Race” = where the name originated · Bessie Smith (Colombia records) = became a legendary race (classic blues) singer · Count Bassie aka the Colored Demon of Kansas City What is significant about these musics’ popularity? Previously undiscovered audiences
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refined midterm questions - 2. Technology, the Dawn of...

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