Finalcompilationexam2 - Nixons foreign policy vision...

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Nixon’s foreign policy vision President Nixon's initial major foreign policy focus was on ending the War in Vietnam. He followed a dual track, on one hand decreasing direct American involvement in the fighting by Vietnamization- turning over more and more of the ground fighting directly to the Vietnamese. Simultaneously the fighting was expanded to neighboring Cambodia to destroy North Vietnamese sanctuaries. Many of Nixon's actions especially his attack into Cambodia met with violent protest. After his attack on Cambodia the demonstration included ones at Kent State University in which 4 students were killed by the National guard. The War Powers Resolution -The War Powers Resolution of 1973 (50 U.S.C. 1541–1548) was Congress joint resolution providing that the forces into action abroad only by authorization of Congress States is already under attack or serious threat. The War Powers Resolution requires the president to notify Congress within 48 hours of committing armed forces to military action and forbids armed forces from remaining for more than 60 days, with a further 30 day withdrawal period, without an authorization of the use of military force or a declaration of war. The resolution was passed by thirds of Congress, overriding a presidential -Congress over rode Nixon’s veto by a large margin. It requires that the President is required to consult with Congress before committing any troops to hostile situations. The troops must be withdrawn in 60b days, or 90 by Presidential request, unless Congress votes to authorize their continued involvement. Presidents don’t really respect this measure and paradoxically Congress allows it. ----The war powers resolution requires the president to consult with Congress in every possible instant before committing American armed forces to hostile or dangerous situations. • Originally vetoed by Nixon but was overruled. • After committing forces, the president must submit in writing a report on his actions to Congress. If congress does not approve of the commitment, the forces must be returned within 60 days or 90 under special circumstances. • Most presidents have questioned the constitutionality of the resolution and have generally ignored it without penalty. ----The American failure in Vietnam belied the prevailing belief that the executive branch should be responsible for determining when the US would go to war In 1973 Congress passed the War Powers Resolution and Nixon vetoed but Congress had enough votes to override The resolution requires the President to consult congress in every instance before committing American armed forces to dangerous situations Although popular, both conservatives and neo-liberals criticized the act; Conservatives echoed Nixon who said the act was unconstitutional o Liberals noted that the act effectively sanctions any presidential use of force for ninety days Since the resolution a number of presidents have gone to war and in few instances have they complied with the letter of the law. Prior consultation with congress has been perfunctory or nonexistent
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This note was uploaded on 09/06/2010 for the course S 330K taught by Professor Buchanan during the Spring '10 term at University of Texas.

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Finalcompilationexam2 - Nixons foreign policy vision...

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