APfinalcomp - Nelson The constitution Article II is the the...

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Nelson The constitution Article II is the the amendment that defies the presidency, however it is short and vague in explaining the executives job. By being vague and short, over the years different presidents and people have defined the constitution and Article II very differently. When the framers were drafting the constitution they were trying to create an executive that would work with congress but have no relationship to the people. This is not the way the presidency has turned out today. ~~~~~~ Convention to revise the articles of Confederation insufficient powers, absence of executive branch Powers to President - recommend/veto congress, appoint judges, executive officials, commander in chief, make treaties, pardon, call congress into special session. Where Located - Article II How Changed - 12 th : separate ballots for president and vice president; 22 nd : 2 term limit; 25 th : appoint VP; Federalists vs anti federalist Federalists and Anti- Federalists were the two different groups of framers at the drafting of the constitution. The Federalsits led by Alexander Hamilto, favored a strong central government with a strong executive. The Anti- Federalists were in favor of a loose government with more state that federal power. They were strongly against a strong executive for fear of tyranny. FEDERALISTS Stressed virtue and restraint Federalist Papers - Publius - Hamilton, Jay, Madison Response: 1. Freely elected for a limited term 2. Can be impeached and removed from office 3. Veto can be overridden 4. Can't declare war or raise an army 5. Can't create offices and appointments must be approved by senate Argument for Powers: 1. Energy is chief virtue - necessary for defense of the nation and administration of the laws 1. Unity - decision, activity, secrecy, dispatch, vigor, expedition 2. Duration - four year term long enough to resist undue pressure from congress, but not too long as to justify alarm for public liberty 3. Adequate provision - salary which congress cannot change while president is in office 4. Competent powers 1. Veto - checks congress - power of self defense - security against improper laws ANTI-FEDERALISTS Feared a potential for president to become a monarchy Cato - Clinton or Yates Jr. Objections: 1. First paragraph of Article II is vague and inexplicit - the possibility for one election ever 2. Four year term too long combined with power to nominate, control of army/navy, ability to grant pardons leads to excessive ambition which could ruin the country 3. President could become insulated from the rest of the country (10 square miles)
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4. President does not have to receive the most votes to be elected 5. To live by one man's will became the cause of all men's misery Washingtons Inaugural address Washingtons first Inaugural address on April 30 1789 George Washington was sworn into office and gave the first inaugural address. He set the example for future inaugural addresses. He asks that the country give thanks to the “ great author” and asks that the American people
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APfinalcomp - Nelson The constitution Article II is the the...

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