Phil 262 Notes

Phil 262 Notes - Phil 262 Notes 08/30/07 Arete- Excellence...

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Unformatted text preview: Phil 262 Notes 08/30/07 Arete- Excellence and Virtue, Humans posses Virtue- English narrow a moral notion, notion that has connotations that are based on a different ethical Excellence- English too broad Culture of Arete Human Excellence Art of Religious Icons o ex: Buddha Cambodia o Christian Imagery- Medieval Kouros Statues- Human being, athletic male youth. First Greek artwork. Religious Text most important to Greeks o The Odyssey o The Iliad Immortality- Being remembered Competitive Events- the Olympics Evaluate success-public discussion Socrates- Philosopher of Arete, of The Virtues. Interested in t ruth and wisdom. Doesnt take money. He knows that he knows nothing Wants people to realize that they do not know what excellence and wisdom are. Socratic method- Asking questions to get people to contradict themselves. To make people realize that they do not know what they are talking about. Sophists- people who had tools to train people in argumentation to use in a court of lave to be persuasive. Not interested in truth. . PERSUASION. Charged money. Greek Ethics o Socrates Plato Aristotle- Ethicists o Ethics- study of virtue, virtues, Arete o Modern Ethics- Moral theory, right and wrong o Excellence- respect and admiration, pride (Greek value) o Someone who lacks t rue belief does not have knowledge o The Republic-Justice, broad, modern, related to the law Justice o Justice is a property of an individual o Justice is the interest of the stronger, belongs to ideology (Marx), comes from the ruling classes telling people to behave in a certain way to serve their own interests o Moderation o Wisdom o Courage 9/4/07 The Republic Goodness Instrumentally for the sake of further goodness, ex money, surgery Inherently- ex eating ice cream Both- ex. Exercise Justice instrumentally valuable- ex. Appearing to act justly The only point in acting justly is having people think that you are just and do not have to suffer from the effects of injustice. o Glocens challenge Gives a defense and show inherent value of justice. Why should I be moral? o Social contract theory of Justice Hobbes, Locke . . . . State of nature, origin of justice, standard modern theory of Justice Just person is happier than the unjust person . . . Socrates happy- eudemonia- human flourishing, well being eu- good daimonia- spirit, soul Literally the soul is in good condition ergon- essential function. . . organ compared to soul o The Soul- psyche- the mind Essential function- life principal, to superintend, demand, deliberate. . . . govern the body or person TO BE HAPPY YOUR SOUL MUST BE IN GOOD CONDITION FOR UR SOUL TO BE IN GOOD CONDITION IT MUST BE ABLE TO GOVERN WELL . . . . JUSTICE IS A NESSESARY FUNCTION. . ....
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Phil 262 Notes - Phil 262 Notes 08/30/07 Arete- Excellence...

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