3 gender issues chapter 3

3 gender issues chapter 3 - Gender Male Female Transgender...

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Male Female Transgender Gender
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What our text covers Male and Female, Masculine and Feminine Gender-Identity Formation Transsexualism and Transgenderism Gender Roles
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Key Terms Sex = Biological male or female Gender = Psychological and sociocultural characteristics associated with our sex Gender Assumptions = How we think people will behave based on being male or female. Gender Identity = How we perceive ourselves psychologically as a man or woman.
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Are we born to the blue blanket = male and manly behaviors Or to the pink blanket = female and womanly behaviors? What does this mean?
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Biological Sex
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Chromosomal Sex
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Characteristic Female Male Chromosomal sex XX XY Gonadal sex Ovaries Testes Hormonal sex Estrogens Progestational compounds Androgens Testosterone Internal reproductive structures Fallopian tubes Uterus Inner portions of vagina Vas deferens Seminal vesicles Ejaculatory ducts External genitals Clitoris Inner vaginal lips Outer vaginal lips Penis Scrotum Sex differentiation of the brain Hypothalamus becomes estrogen sensitive, influencing cyclic release of hormones. Two hypothalamic areas are smaller in the female brain. Cerebral cortex of right hemisphere is thinner in the female brain. Corpus callosum is thicker in the female brain. Less lateralization of function in the female brain compared to the male brain. Estrogen-insensitive male hypothalamus directs steady production of hormones. Two hypothalamic areas are larger in the male brain. Cerebral cortex of right hemisphere is thicker in the male brain. Corpus callosum is thinner in the male brain More lateralization of function in the male brain compared to the female brain.
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Hypothalamus – A small structure located in the central core of the brain that controls the pituitary gland and regulates motivated behavior and emotional expression. Directs production of sex hormones, estrogen or testosterone Cerebrum – The largest part of the brain, has two cerebral hemispheres. Cerebral cortex – Outer layer of the cerebral
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This note was uploaded on 09/07/2010 for the course PSYCH 356 taught by Professor Blomberg during the Spring '10 term at CSU Sacramento.

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3 gender issues chapter 3 - Gender Male Female Transgender...

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