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Strikes and Kicks - Basic Techniques 4 Basic Stances Front...

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Basic Techniques 4 Basic Stances Front Stance (also know as forward stance) Feet 1.5-2 shoulder widths apart in length, offset by 1-1.5 shoulder widths Front knee bent 90 degrees, knee over ankle. Back leg straight as possible. Be sure to leave a slight bend in the knee. So not lock out knee. Weight distribution 50/50 front/back. Shoulders and hips square, perpendicular to direction of travel, Back straight with head and eyes up. Front foot with toes forward. Back foot with toes 45 degrees. Stance is the easiest to learn because it has a pattern similar to walking Emphasis: forward stability as well as forward progression. Horse Stance (also known as forward or middle stance) Feet 1.5-2 shoulder widths apart in length feet aligned and parallel. Knees bent equally. Weight distribution 50/50 left/right. Shoulders and hips square when still. When moving, parallel to direction of travel. Final position looks similar to a squat. Emphasis: lateral stability. Cat Stance (also known as back stance) Feet 1.5-2 shoulder widths apart in length, heels aligned. Back knee bent 3x as much as front knee. Weight distribution 75/25 rear/front. (weight distribution is sometimes 70/30 with most of the weight on the back leg) Shoulders and hips turned, parallel to direction of travel. Emphasis: defensive stability. Defensive Stance (also known as fighting stance or boxers stance) Feet are roughly shoulder width apart. Knees are bent slightly at all times Hands are up to protect face. Chest turned away from direction of travel. Weight distribution 50/50 front/back. Emphasis: Quick movement, most realistic position for self defense. 4 Basic Blocks (All blocks are made with the forearm when possible.) Down block (also known as low defense) Fist crosses to opposite shoulder to start Make a circular motion downward, ends 1 handspan above the knee Used to block techniques coming towards the lower part of the body (low front kicks, round kick etc) Outside block (also known as middle defense) Fist crosses to opposite hip to start Make a circular motion outward, ends at midline of body with fist at shoulder level. No need to “reach” past the shoulder line. If the strike you are trying to block is that far away then you will not need to block it anyway. Elbow is bent at a 45 degree angle away from the body. Inside block (also known as middle defense) Fist begins at 90 degree angle to side of body Make a swinging motion towards body midline, ends at same place as outside defense. Elbow is bent at a 45 degree angle away from the body.
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High Block Fist crosses to opposite hip to start Make a rising motion upward, forearm passes in front of face to end above head.
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