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132 midterm - as Kant argued categorical imperatives How...

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Philosophy 132 Ethical Theory Fall 2009 Prof. Manning Midterm I. Provide a brief essay (2-3 sentences) in response to each question. (1 point each) 1. Describe the story about Gyges' ring that Plato recounts. 2. Rachels discusses three arguments in favor of Ethical Egoism. Briefly describe any one argument and his response to it. 3. What is Hume's argument that morality cannot be derived from reason? 4. What argument does Midgley give against moral relativism? 5. Briefly describe Mill’s normative theory. 6. What are the important features of standard consequentialism as Shaw describes it? 7. What does Singer see as the implication of utilitarianism for world hunger? 8. Give two versions of Kant’s categorical imperative. 9. In her essay, Foot argues that rules of morality are hypothetical imperatives and not,
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Unformatted text preview: as Kant argued, categorical imperatives. How does this work as an objection to Kant? 10. What is the trolley problem? What implications does it have for the debate between deontology and consequentialism? 11. Rawls describes a "contractarian idea [that] can be extended to the choice of more of less an entire ethical system". What is this idea? 12. According to Aristotle, what is a virtue? 13. Why would some critics worry that virtue theory is relativistic? What is Nussbaum’s response? 14. What are the central processes of an ethic of care? 15. List three possible answers to the question: “Why be moral?” II. Elaborate on any 2 of the questions in section I. In this essay, make sure you also provide a critique. (5 points each)...
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