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Unformatted text preview: http://rsw.sagepub.com Research on Social Work Practice DOI: 10.1177/1049731505284205 2006; 16; 338 Research on Social Work Practice Eileen Gambrill Evidence-Based Practice and Policy: Choices Ahead http://rsw.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/16/3/338 The online version of this article can be found at: Published by: http://www.sagepublications.com can be found at: Research on Social Work Practice Additional services and information for http://rsw.sagepub.com/cgi/alerts Email Alerts: http://rsw.sagepub.com/subscriptions Subscriptions: http://www.sagepub.com/journalsReprints.nav Reprints: http://www.sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav Permissions: http://rsw.sagepub.com/cgi/content/refs/16/3/338 SAGE Journals Online and HighWire Press platforms): (this article cites 41 articles hosted on the Citations 2006 SAGE Publications. All rights reserved. Not for commercial use or unauthorized distribution. at SAN JOSE STATE UNIV on August 9, 2007 http://rsw.sagepub.com Downloaded from 10.1 7 /1049731505284205 RESEARCH ON SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE Gambril / EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE Evidence-Based Practice and Policy: Choices Ahead Eileen Gambrill University of California, Berkeley Choices about how to view evidence-based practice (EBP) are being made by educators, practitioners, agency administrators, and staff in a variety of organizations designed to promote integration of research and practice such as clearinghouses on EBP. Choices range from narrow views of EBP such as use of empirically based guidelines and treatment manuals to the broad philosophy and evolving process of EBP, envisioned by its originators, that addresses evidentiary, ethical, and application issues in a transparent context. Current views of EBP and policy are reviewed, and choices that reflect the adopted vision and related indicators are described. Examples include who will select the questions on which research efforts are focused, what outcomes will be focused on, who will select them and on what basis, how transparent to be regarding the evidentiary status of services, how clients will be involved, and whether to implement needed organizational changes. A key choice is whether to place ethical issues front and center. Keywords: evidence-based practice; choices; ethics; transparency Choices about how to view evidence-based practice (EBP) are being made not only by educators, practitio- ners, and agency administrators but also by staff in a wide variety of organizations designed to promote the integra- tion of researchand practice.There aremany such organi- zations including the Millbank Memorial Fund, which recently published Evidence-Based Mental Health Treat- ments and Services (Lehman, Goldman, Dixon, & Chur- chill, 2004), the Urban Institute, and the Rand Corpora- tion. Regional organizations include the Bay Area Social Services Consortium (BASSC) and the recently formed California Child Welfare Clearinghouse for Evidence- Based Practice. The latter exists to promote a quality practices framework for Californias child welfare ser-...
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