Industrial Society

Industrial Society - Industrial Society Intensification of...

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Unformatted text preview: Industrial Society Intensification of Agriculture Global Food Technological Components Mechanization Concentration Harnessing new energy sources Green revolution Genetic modification (new crops) Blue Revolution Specialization Process Begins with the late 1750s Harnessing power with steam engines Use of fossil fuels Development of machines to sow and reap. Enclosure laws (Europe) Small family farms the norm Malthusian predictions of population outstripping food production Outcomes (known) Industrialization led to concentration of populations, decline of rural. Fewer producers in overall population Rise of agro-industry Local decisions have global impacts. Food production costs are connected to energy costs more than labor Adaptations Societies that became more urbanized had to deal with unexpected social upheaval. Dependency relations with food producers local, regional, and abroad. More need for seasonal farm workers Social adaptations (structural adjustment) Impact on Societies Increased stratification Increase in urban poverty Greater divisions in social mechanisms for social mobility Class differences intensified Dietary differences between rich and poor expanded New structural developments related to immigration, poverty, demographics. Green Revolution More food per acre Intensive use of fertilizers, efficient machines, new strains of crops. Possible to feed the world... Problems: highly sensitive to climate change, blight, energy costs, distribution issues, political issues, cost, new strains Not all is well with the green revolution. India: first real test of corporate greenindustry policy. Use of modified crops. Order 81 Your hamburger Your hamburger Needs 4 times the amount of grain to produce equal calories than consumption of the grain itself, and three times the energy. Beef production uses high levels of energy and pollutes at high levels. Meat is consolidated from many sources. Estimated that 20% reduction in meat consumption would significantly reduce pollution and energy consumption. Globally meat consumption is actually on the rise, particularly in China. Blue Revolution Auqaculture: fish farming Factory fishing: processing at sea Problems arise when farm stock accidentally breeds with wild stock, reducing viability of the wild strains. Genetic engineering is not a proven technology. Additional consequences with unknown impact Distancing of consumer from production Loss of local control and accountability Food supply dependent on political disruptions afar. Lack of knowledge concerning actual food safety. Price supports New competition in food global production. A whole new meaning for Green Energy. New and alarming... Competition between production of grain for food or for alternative fuel supplies. Bio fuels are not necessarily less polluting or energy efficient as land previously reserved for food production is removed from the arena. Distribution costs lead to elevated food prices. What does "Green" mean Less polluting Smaller energy footprint Produced from sustainable processes ? Produced from recycled materials Renewable sources Cleaner production ? ? ? ...
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