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Unformatted text preview: OVERVEW OF COMPLEXITY SCIENCE AND ITS RELATED AREAS OF STUDY By Brian Castellani, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Sociology Kent State University, OH, USA Advisory Board Member Center for the Study of Complex Systems Kalamazoo College, MI, USA The following is an extended list of names I compiled for many of the areas of study listed on my map of complexity science. I thought it might be useful for those new to the field—it is also my way of recognizing numerous important scholars I unfortunately could not include on my map due to the limits of space. Even still, this list is not exhaustive. 1. GENERAL SYSTEMS THEORY A. Ludwig Bertalanffy (Founder/Biology) B. Ralph Gerard (Biology) C. Anatol Rapaport (Biology/Mathematics) D. Kenneth Boulding (Economics/Peace & Mediation Studies) E. James Grier Miller (Psychology/Medicine/Living Systems Theory) =Miller links to Living Systems Theory in the 1970s. Primary Sources : Hammond, Debora 2002. “Exploring the Genealogy of Systems Thinking.” Systems Research and Behavioral Science , 19:429-439. International Society for the Systems Sciences (ISSS), Website, Historical Timeline. Klir, George J. 2001. Facets of Systems Science, 2 nd Edition. New York, NY: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. See Chapter Three. American Society for Cybernetics (Notable Cyberneticians) www.asc-cybernetics.org . SYSTEMS SCIENCE: It is at this point that General Systems Theory turns into Systems Science because of its direct link with cybernetics and its lines of thought. 2. Structural Functionalism : A. Talcott Parsons (Sociologist/Founder) B. Robert Merton (Sociologist) Primary Sources : Collins, Randall 1988. Theoretical Sociology. New York, NY: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Inc. Ritzer, George 2000. Sociological Theory, 5 th Edition. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. 3. Managerial Science : A. Stafford Beer (Business/Founder) Links to: Jay Forrester (Engineering/Computer Science/Systems Dynamics) Primary Sources : Hammond, Debora 2002. “Exploring the Genealogy of Systems Thinking.” Systems Research and Behavioral Science , 19:429-439. Rosenhead, Jonathan and Dick Martin 2002. “Stafford Beer.” Systems Research and Behavioral Science , 20:81-83. American Society for Cybernetics (Notable Cyberneticians) www.asc-cybernetics.org . 4. System (Simulation) Dynamics : A. Jay Forrester (Engineering/Computer Science/Systems Dynamics) Links to Ecological Systems Theory and Donella Meadows Primary Sources : Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineering (IEEE). American Society for Cybernetics (Notable Cyberneticians) www.asc-cybernetics.org . 5. Soft Systems Methodology: A. Peter Checkland (Management/Founder) Primary Sources : Checkland, Peter 2000. “Soft Systems Methodology: A Thirty Year Retrospective.” Systems Research and Behavioral Science , 17:S11-S58....
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