Final Review Answers - Final Review Answers: 19 20 21 22 23...

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Unformatted text preview: Final Review Answers: 19 20 21 22 23 24. 25. 26. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. b adaptive radiation E B prosimian lemurs C C body shape and size, bigger brain, dry nose, post-orbital closure Oligocene D Aegyptopithecus Africa , Rafting F D Claw, twinning, tooth comb F Dental formula, tail Colobinae F lack of tail, spinal column, brain size, shoulder anatomy Gigantopithecus B D B 53. 54. 55. 56. 57 B A F quadrumanualism, knuckle-walking ( O ( G ((CB) H))) 58 Suborder Haplorhhinini , Infraorder Catarrhini, Superfamily, Hominoidea, Family Hominidae, Genus Homo, Species Homo sapiens 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80. 81. 82. 83. 84. C Carrying A B C B 5-7 C A B afarensis B HIGH, lots of male/male competition sagittal crest, robust false robustus TRUE C B D 85. flat face, small incisors, large molars, sagittal crest, flaring zygomatics in robust 86. 87. 91. 92. 93. 94. 95. 98. 99. FALSE D FALSE, BRAIN SIZE 2 MYA, FALSE OLDUWAN GENERAL PURPOSE TOOLS Homo rudolfensis better problem solving, more complex social relationships 1.8 mya, false 1.8 mya 100. C 101. A 102. Republic of Georgia, China 103. F, F 104. Allowed for more efficient long distance travel with a change to a carnivorous lifestyle. 105. Tools, fire, travel, rafts, clothes? ACHEULEAN, Hand-axe 106. F 112. C 113. B 114. long low skull, modern brain size 115. false 116. False 117. are not 118. Gene flow 122. C 123. False, False 124. Europe and western Asia 125. lower facial prognathism 126. gene flow, interbreeding 127. COLD noses, Bergmann-allen rules for limb and thorax 128. HYBRID 129. False 130. D 131. Mousterian, levallois. False 135. TRUE, FALSE 136. More gracile, flatter face, forehead, chin, max. breadth of skull high on parietals 137. Europe Neandertals were there. 138. False, Upper Paleolithic tools 25k, burial 140k, personal adornment 75k 139. Getting to Australia indicates completely modern behavior. 140. distance hunting, art, 25-30k 148. 15, 40k, gene flow 149. False 150. TRUE, greater population size. 151. D 152. Sickle cell and lactose tolerance. 153. Bipedalism around 5 mya, big brains, around 2 mya, modern anatomy around 180k, modern behavior, <100 k 154. EQ 155. Adv: can think better, better problem solving, DISADV. High caloric intake necessary, makes birth difficult. 156. Hyoid bone, spinal column size, brain organization. 157. False. ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course ANTH 12 at San Jose State University .

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