Spainandportugal - Spain Portugal Portugal 1 2 Background...

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1 1 Spain & Portugal 2 Portugal 3 Background • Portugal joined the EU in 1976- standardization of key terms: • Denomincao de origem controlada DOC) equivalent to apellation controlee (40 regions). • Vinho Regional 4 • 370 miles long, 125 miles wide • Smaller than Kentucky •1 4 th in world wine production • 230 grape varieties • Many ancient, rare varieties, brought by Phoenicians from middle east (c. 600BC) • Treaty of Windsor 1385 formalized alliance Britain & Portugal • Much of the land impoverished, summers v. v.
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2 5 Most important Portuguese wines • Leading wines: Red: Alentejo Bairrada Dão Douro Port (fortified, sweet) White Vinho Verde Wine of note Setubal (white, fortified, sweet) 6 Major regions North Duoro: Source of some of nations’ finest still wines. Major grapes: Touriga Nacional, Tinta Roriz, Tinta Barroca, Tinto Cao, Tinta Amarela and Touriga Francesca Tras os montes good vinho regional wines Minho region-low alcohol white Vinho verde. Main grapes: Alvarinho, Loureiro, Trajadura, Pedernao, Avesso Central Region Beira region –fine reds, dry white- Abadia Velha Bairrada region- tannic dry wines from Baga grape- clay soils Dao region more red than white- granite soils Southern Region Alentejo region- combines traditional and modern wine making techniques Estremadura- largest quantity of wines Madeira- Island and fortified wine 7 Port 8 Port Port is the world’s greatest fortified wine (Wine for dummies, p.287) Produced in the Duoro (world’s first dedicated wine zone- established in 1756) Porto made by transferring fermented wine with an alcohol content of 6-7% to casks (pipes) containing clear grape brandy (aguardence) that is 77% alcohol/154 proof. The ratio is 116 gallons of wine to 29 gallons of spirit. The final Porto product ranges between 18-20% alcohol. Portos from a single, unblended year first recognized in 1734 Although all port is sweet, and most of it red, there are many different styles. Styles vary according to
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course HRTM 148 at San Jose State.

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Spainandportugal - Spain Portugal Portugal 1 2 Background...

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