Social interactionist model

Social interactionist model - Social Interactionist Model...

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Unformatted text preview: Social Interactionist Model of First and Second Language Acquisition Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, LLD 108 Social Interactionist Model ► Language is meant for social communication (legal tender, I do). ► Language through communication. ► There are language use rules without which language rules will be useless. ► The purpose of language learning is to attain communicative competence. ► Capacity for communication and socialization is innate Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, LLD 108 Social Interactionist Model ► Language in discourse ► Language through conversation ► Meaning is primary and syntax is secondary Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, LLD 108 Social Interactionist Model ► Language learning progresses from pragmatic mode to syntactic mode. ► Meaning (comprehension) plays a vital role in language acquisition. ► Motherese is an essential ingredient for first language acquisition to take place. Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, LLD 108 Differences among the three models ► Behaviorism: Environment ► Innatism: Universal grammar (nature) ► Social interactionist: Social interaction and communication Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, LLD 108 Social Interactionist Model of First Language Acquisition ► Evidence for the necessity of social interaction in language acquisition The case of Jim (A normal child) ►They thought Jim was like them ►Sitting in front of TV ►Social interaction ►Parents could neither speak nor hear ►At the age of 3 ½ ­ taken to the doctor ►His brother – 1 year old Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, LLD 108 Social Interactionist Model of First Language Acquisition ► Motherese or Caretaker Speech (CDS) ► Characteristics of caretaker speech Shorter sentence lengths High pitch Slow delivery Clear articulation Simple and concrete vocabulary Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, LLD 108 ► Here and now topics ► More tag questions ► Long pauses ► Fewer reduced vowels ► Confirmation checks ► Reinstatements ► elaborations Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, LLD 108 ► Ability to use simple language is an innate ability ► A kind of reactivation of ability ► Remember that we spoke in simple language when we were children. ► Experiment conducted at Harvard by Snow (1972) – a reflexive process Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, LLD 108 Social Interactionist Model of Second Language Acquisition ► Foreigner register ► Characteristics of foreigner register Characteristics of motherese Louder in volume Gestures and maiming Fewer subordinations Frequent tag questions Repetitions and paraphrasing Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, LLD 108 Criticisms ► Syntax is primary and semantics is secondary – innatists ► Motherese is not provided in all cultures ► The model does not explain how syntax emerges out of communication Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, LLD 108 Criticisms ► Not a well developed model in spite of its potential ► Importance to overall communication rather than to language learning is its overall weakness ► Do not have a position on UG Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, LLD 108 ...
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