Modernization of the Indian State System

Modernization of the Indian State System - THE...

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THE MODERNIZATION OF THE INDIAN STATE SYSTEM The Historical Context The Type of Political Ideology The Type of Party System The Type of State System The Type of Class System The Way of Leadership Selection
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THE HISTORICAL CONTEXT The new world order after WW II The two hegemonic Super Powers The collapse of the British Empire Global movements for national liberation and independence Global movements for nation-building and modernization
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THE HISTORICAL CONTEXT The new world order after WW II The Free World led by the USA The Communist World dominated by the USSR The two hegemonic Super Powers The United States of America (USA) The Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) Ideological and power struggles between two super powers for world domination
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THE HISTORICAL CONTEXT The collapse of the British Empire Economic crisis at home National independence movements in colonies Global movements for national liberation and independence Armed struggle (Zhongguo) led by Mao Non-violent struggle (Bharat) led by Gandhi
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THE HISTORICAL CONTEXT The Global Race for Nation-Building and Modernization National reconstruction in industrial nations Nation-Building in colonial and semi- colonial nations Industrialization Modernization
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THE TYPE OF POLITICAL IDEOLOGY The Political Culture Question What is the best possible type of political ideology to be the ruling political ideology of the nation? The Political Culture Answer Democratic Socialism by Nehru and INCP Marxism-Leninism (also called “Communism” or “Socialism”) chosen by Mao and the CCP Fundamental Distinction Socialism: Dual ownership system Marxism-Leninism: Unitary state ownership system
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THE TYPE OF PARTY SYSTEM The Political Culture Question What is the best possible type of political party system that one should choose for the making of national liberation, nation-building, and modernization? The Political Culture Answer Multi-Party System chosen by Nehru and INCP One party system chosen by Mao and the CCP
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The Types of Party System Chinese Choice One Party-System The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) Indian Choice Multi-Party System The Indian National Congress Party (INCP) The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) The Janata Dal The Communist Party of India The CPM (Marxist)
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Modernization of the Indian State System - THE...

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