Explorations-An-OpenInvitationToBiologicalAnthropology-Complete-2.pdf

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..EXPLORATIONS: AN OPEN INVITATION TO BIOLOGICALANTHROPOLOGYEditors: Beth Shook, Katie Nelson, Kelsie Aguilera and Lara BraffAmerican Anthropological AssociationArlington, VA2019CC BY-NC 4.0 International, except where otherwise notedISBN – 978-1-931303-63-7
ContentsPrefaceviPart I. Main Body1.Introduction to Biological Anthropology22.Evolution293.Molecular Biology and Genetics584.Forces of Evolution1095.Meet the Living Primates1486.Primate Ecology and Behavior1907.Understanding the Fossil Context2338.Primate Evolution2749.Early Hominins31910.Early Members of the Genus Homo37611.Archaic Homo40512.Modern Homo sapiens44613.Race and Human Variation49114.Human Variation: An Adaptive Significance Approach51815.Bioarchaeology and Forensic Anthropology54816.Contemporary Topics: Human Biology and Health582Part II. Appendices17.Osteology62518.Primate Conservation66719.Human Behavioral Ecology697
Global Open Educational Resources Logo byJonathasmello is used under a CC BY 3.0 License.PrefaceWelcometoExplorations: An Open Invitation to Biological Anthropology. We (the editors) joined together in 2017to create this dynamic and comprehensive Open Educational Resource (OER) for biological anthropology. We weremotivated by the lack of existing OER in this subdiscipline and by a desire to save our students money on textbooks.We were also inspired by the recent success ofPerspectives: An Open Invitation to Cultural Anthropologyand supportedby the editors ofPerspectivesand by the Society for Anthropology in Community Colleges (SACC), a section of theAmerican Anthropological Association that consists of higher-education instructors who promote teaching excellencein anthropology. Together, the four editors bring to this project decades of experience in the classroom and acommitment to creating a resource that speaks to our students, sparking their interest in scientific inquiry andanthropological discoveries.This project is also grounded in the wider OER movement that emergedas a response to the skyrocketing costs of traditional textbooks. Thesecosts, along with increased tuition, create serious barriers to studentlearning and success, especially for students dealing with financialconstraints. As anthropologists concerned with social equity, we findthat OER can begin to level the playing field within academia byenablingallstudents, regardless of socioeconomic status, to accessmaterials they need to succeed in their courses.An OER for YOUStudents: This textbook has been created with you and your success in mind. The editors and authors are experiencedinstructors who hope to engage your curiosity and questions about humankind. It is available to you for FREE!Instructors:We commend you for making the inspired choice to adopt this textbook written, reviewed, and edited byanthropology instructors. Like other OER,Explorationsoffers you the academic freedom to align course materials withyour own pedagogy, course content, and areas of expertise. Rather than conform your course to the chapters of aconventional textbook, you are free to modify, supplement, or add to this textbook. This is why we chose to publishExplorationswith a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0), whichallows anyone to remix, adapt, transform, and build upon the contents. In other words, you can use this book as it isor alter it by reorganizing, omitting chapters or sections of chapters, assigning only some chapters, or curating chapter

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