Overview of Indian and Chinese Goverments

Overview of Indian and Chinese Goverments - central vs....

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Comparative Overview of Traditional Indian and Chinese Government Category INDIA CHINA typical form of polity multiple kingdoms (sometimes an empire) one unified empire (sometimes multiple kingdoms) rulership raja (king) or Cakravartin (emperor) Son of Heaven (emperor) gender mostly male rulers mostly male rulers legitima- tion ideas raja as god in human form, or social contract Mandate of Heaven ( tian ming ) ideologies Hindu, Buddhist, Muslim Confucian and Legalist
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thinkers Kautilya and authors of Laws of Manu Master Meng, Master Han Fei, and Li Si Comparative Overview of Traditional Indian and Chinese Government
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Unformatted text preview: central vs. local stronger local power (village chief/assembly) stronger central power (with local rule also) recruitment of personnel limited to members of Brahmin and Kshyatriya groups system of state exams evolved to prevent aristocratic monopoly state’s role in economy state involved in key enterprises (mining, forestry, clothmaking) state involved in key enterprises; also freely conscripted labor examples of empire Mauryan (324-184 B.C.E.), Gupta (320-550), Mughal (1530-1707, or 1858) Ch’in (Qin, 221-206 B.C.E.), Han (207 B.C.E. - 220 C.E.), etc....
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course ANTH 114 at San Jose State.

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Overview of Indian and Chinese Goverments - central vs....

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