ScWk 240 Edward CohenPage 1ScWk 240 Research Methods and Design Week 10 October 31, 2008 San José State UniversityEdward Cohen, Ph.D.Qualitative Research Questions and Methodological Approaches “Listening with the third ear…” I.Quantitative and qualitative research questions A.First, let’s review quantitative research questions. They can be about 1.Descriptive research, e.g. “What is the proportion of homeless people who have a mental illness?” or “How do San Jose public school test scores compare with other cities?” or 2.Explanatory research, e.g. “Is there a relationship between self esteem in adolescents and their school performance?” or “Does CBT help older adults in long term care maintain cognitive functioning?” B.Qualitative research comes from… 1.A reaction against positivist thinking. Positivismis a)The view that an external, objective reality exists apart from our perceptions though we may never fully understand it b)Which allows us to generalize to the “unknown” population from our know sample 2.The growth of relativism, interpretivism, constructivism, feminism, queer theory, etc. a)They share the view that reality is self- and culturally- determined (sometimes forced on others by the majority’s viewpoint ) 3.The tradition of scientific inductive observationa)Observed the world b)Tried to make generalizations from these observations c)Built theory on these generalizations d)Where would we be without the inductive observations of scientist John Snow that led to eliminating cholera (discovered to be linked to contaminated water pump handles in 19thcentury Europe)?
has intentionally blurred sections.
Sign up to view the full version.