Kumpfer - FAMILY strengthening - DOJ literature_review_1999

Kumpfer - FAMILY strengthening - DOJ literature_review_1999...

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U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Strengthening America’s Families: Exemplary Parenting and Family Strategies For Delinquency Prevention by Karol L. Kumpfer, Ph.D., University of Utah (April, 1999) This User's Guide was prepared under Grant No. 95-JN-FX-K010 from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Juvenile Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Points of view or opinions in this document are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice.
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2 TABLE OF CONTENTS OVERVIEW. ........................................................................................................................................................... 4 PART I: FAMILY INFLUENCE ON JUVENILE DELINQUENCY. ................................................................ 5 INTRODUCTION . ...................................................................................................................................................... 5 JUVENILE CRIME STATISTICS . ................................................................................................................................. 7 DEVELOPMENTAL PATHWAYS TO DELINQUENCY. .................................................................................................. 10 Family Risk Factors . ..................................................................................................................................... 12 Family History . ............................................................................................................................................................. 12 Family Management Problems. ..................................................................................................................................... 14 Family Conflicts. ........................................................................................................................................................... 15 Family Poverty. ............................................................................................................................................................. 15 Family Dynamics and Violence. .................................................................................................................... 16 Cycle of Violence. ......................................................................................................................................................... 17 Exposure to Violence in the Home . .............................................................................................................................. 18 Child Abuse & Domestic Violence. .............................................................................................................................. 18 Victimization from Neglect, Physical Abuse, and Sexual Abuse . ................................................................................ 19 Family Protective and Resilience Factors . .................................................................................................... 20 JUVENILE CRIME CONTROL AND DELINQUENCY PREVENTION ACT 1997. ............................................................. 21 Information Program Dissemination. ............................................................................................................ 22 PART II: REVIEW OF FAMILY STRENGTHENING APPROACHES. ........................................................ 23 DEFINITION OF FAMILY. ....................................................................................................................................... 23 Family Strengthening . ................................................................................................................................... 24 FAMILY PREVENTION APPROACHES. .................................................................................................................... 29 Family Skills Training Program. ................................................................................................................... 30 Family Education Programs. ......................................................................................................................... 31 Family Therapy. ............................................................................................................................................ 31 Family Services . ............................................................................................................................................ 33 Family Preservation Programs. ..................................................................................................................... 33 Surrogate Family Approaches. ...................................................................................................................... 34 PARENTING APPROACHES. ................................................................................................................................... 34 Behavioral Parent Training Programs. ......................................................................................................... 34 Parent Education Programs. ......................................................................................................................... 35 Parent Support Groups. ................................................................................................................................. 36 Parent Aid or In-home Parent Education . ..................................................................................................... 36 Parent Involvement in Youth Groups. ............................................................................................................ 37 Adlerian Parenting Programs . ...................................................................................................................... 37 PREVENTION IS COST-EFFECTIVE. ........................................................................................................................ 38 PART III: PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE FAMILY PROGRAMS. ............................................................... 41 COMPREHENSIVE INTERVENTIONS. ...................................................................................................................... 41 FAMILY-FOCUSED. ............................................................................................................................................... 41 LONG-TERM AND ENDURING. ............................................................................................................................... 42 SUFFICIENT DOSAGE OR INTENSITY . .................................................................................................................... 42 CULTURALLY SENSITIVE . .................................................................................................................................... 43 DEVELOPMENTALLY-APPROPRIATE. ..................................................................................................................... 44 CHANGE ONGOING FAMILY DYNAMICS . .............................................................................................................. 45 EARLY START. ..................................................................................................................................................... 45 FAMILY RELATIONS, COMMUNICATION, AND PARENTAL MONITORING. ............................................................... 45 RECRUITMENT AND RETENTION . ......................................................................................................................... 46 VIDEOTAPING OF EFFECTIVE PARENTING SKILLS. ................................................................................................ 46 TRAINER'S PERSONAL EFFICACY. ......................................................................................................................... 46 PART IV: OJJDP FAMILY STRENGTHENING PROJECT . ......................................................................... 48
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3 HISTORY OF FAMILY STRENGTHENING PROJECT. ..................................................................................................... NATIONAL SEARCH FOR MODEL PROGRAMS. ............................................................................................................. PROGRAM MATRIX . .................................................................................................................................................. UNIVERSAL PREVENTION INTERVENTIONS. ............................................................................................................ 48 SELECTIVE PREVENTION INTERVENTIONS. ............................................................................................................. 48 INDICATED PREVENTION INTERVENTIONS. ............................................................................................................. 48 EXEMPLARY PROGRAM DESCRIPTIONS FUNCTIONAL FAMILY THERAPY (6-18 YEARS, FAMILY THERAPY) . ............................................................................ 53 HELPING THE NONCOMPLIANT CHILD (3-7 YEARS; PARENT TRAINING). ................................................................... 53 IOWA STRENGTHENING FAMILIES PROGRAM WITH PRE & EARLY TEENS (10-14; FAMILY SKILLS). ............................. 54 MULTI-SYSTEMIC FAMILY THERAPY PROGRAM (10-18 YEARS; COMPREHENSIVE). .................................................... 56 PARENTS, TEACHERS, AND CHILDREN=S SERIES (3-8 YEARS; COMPREHENSIVE). ..................................................... 57 PRENATAL & EARLY CHILDHOOD NURSE HOME VISITATION (0-5; FAMILY IN-HOME SUPPORT). ............................... 58 PREPARING FOR THE DRUG-FREE YEARS (8-14 YEARS; PARENT TRAINING) . ............................................................ 58 RAISING A THINKING CHILD: I CAN PROBLEM SOLVE PROGRAM FOR FAMILIES (4-7; PARENT TRAINING). ................ 60 STRENGTHENING FAMILIES PROGRAM (6-10 YEARS; FAMILY SKILLS TRAINING).
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Kumpfer - FAMILY strengthening - DOJ literature_review_1999...

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