Early_World_Systems_w - E a r l y Wor l d Systems • •...

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Unformatted text preview: E a r l y Wor l d Systems • • • • Silk Road Spice Trade Colonialism & Sugar/Slavery Trade as old as human civilization itself • Trade represents cultural diffusion • Early civilizations (complex states) – Empire building, trade and tribute – Near East, Africa, Mesoamerica Si l k Roa d T r a de • 2nd century BC? • connected China to Europe through Mediterranean • a network of routes through Central Asia • Competition for control by Han, Uighurs, Tibetans • movement of goods = movement of people, ideas, religions, culture Spi ce tr a de • controlled by Islamic World: 1250-1350 • largely by sea – spread of l Islam along coastal areas of Southeast Asia • maritime trade • connected Eastern Asia to Europe C ontempor a r y Wor l d System • Emergence of contemporary global economy: 15th-19th c. – Expansion of capitalism – European colonialism – Growth of consumerism: Sugar & Slavery C ol oni a l “System” • Colonialism = economic, political, social domination of a territory and its people by a foreign power • Colonial processes • Extraction of natural resources • Control of trade, taxation • Land plantations (sugar, L rubber) • Labor slavery, forced labor • Coercive marketing T he Components of t he Suga r -Sl a ver y System • New factories in England • Trading cloth and iron (mfg. goods) for slaves in Africa • Slaves work sugar plantations in W. Indies • English government promotes sugar consumption • Sugar/rum feed English sailors, sugar becomes centerpiece of English diet ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course ANTH 115 at San Jose State University .

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Early_World_Systems_w - E a r l y Wor l d Systems • •...

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