Cummins - Cummins Underachievement of Ethnic Minority...

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Cummins: Underachievement of Ethnic Minority Students Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan 03/27/10
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Cummins A major spokesperson for minority language children The paper talks about the factors that do and do not contribute to minority children’s underachievement.
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In this paper, Cummins talks about the following: Threshold hypothesis, Home-school (language and culture) mismatch theory, Insufficient exposure theory.
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Early theories of bilingualism Bilingualism contributes to academic confusion, inadequate adjustment to school and education, intellectual retardation, emotional insecurity, loss of self-confidence, language interference, anti-social and aggressive behavior This theory has been proven wrong, racist, and unacceptable in the present multicultural context.
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Some of the early theories of bilingualism cultural deprivation and cultural deficit (Anglo disconfirmity) genetic inferiority hypotheses
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Current research findings
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Cummins - Cummins Underachievement of Ethnic Minority...

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