GB-CAL - California and Great Basin Overview Great Basin...

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California and Great Basin Overview 1 Great Basin Plateau California Subsistence: 1. Basin and Range country--few low elevation drainages to seas except Snake, Columbia and Colorado Rivers 2. key factors to ecological strategy a. altitude b. proximity to water (5-10 in/yr) c. mobility d. pedestrian foraging; gathering/trade 3. Zones: Camas Prairie North Snake river like plateau Lower Sonoran yucca, cactus,Joshua tree, mesquite Upper Sonoran 5-7000 ft (winter) artemisia belt [rabbits, grasses?] and pinyon-juniper Transitional and Canadian zones 6-9000 ft [animals--deer, sheep; pine, willows, seed grasses and berries] Subsistence: 1. Marshy, volcanic, riverine--aquatic foraging 2. Example: Modoc Northern California and Oregon 3. Resources: a. waterfowl (caught with bolas?) along the Pacific Flyway b. early in prehistory were bison c. bighorn sheep, antelope, elk, small mammals (note bias arch remnants) d. cattail, tule, camas, waterlily e. salmon, tui chub (used dugouts) f. turtles, mussels Subsistence: 1. KEY: VARIETY and EDGE exploitation 2. Areas: Northwest -little reliance on acorns, game-key focus on fishing (note density 4.25 vs. NW 6 square mile) Northeast -plateau North Coast Range high variety, maximum of edge zones, relatively high rainfall Central Valley grassland, low woodlands (oak-acorn), chaparral, great variety, salmon fishing key in wetlands South Coast Range (to Pt. Conception -southern oak woodland, access to coast difficult, lower density (2.5) Southern Californian ex. Chumash multiple zones-use of tomol to access coast (density 4->6?) Worldview: 1. Emphasis: Group solidarity (although held key concept of individual power of shaman) 2. Festivals a. 6 day fall festival b. female menarche c. Round dances d. sun dances (last century) Remember Wovoka Worldview: 1. Emphasis Forces Volcanic country (Lassen, Shasta, Cascades, tubes--rich lore) Weather control Power quest (fasting, exercise, diving?) sought in caves 2. Ceremonies-annual cycles: winter solstice Worldview: 1. Note Northwest: individualistic, prudish and given to litigation 2. Generalizations higher population--> lineages shamanic status high 3. Relation to Nature-parallel with everyday activities 4. Emphasis: purity spiritual power of nature nature capable of willful acts (evil) world renewal (rescue)
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California and Great Basin Overview 2
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California and Great Basin Overview 3
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California and Great Basin Overview 4 The above map represents the spread of the Ghost Dance in California Movements of Cultural Persistence
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course ANTH 175 at San Jose State.

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GB-CAL - California and Great Basin Overview Great Basin...

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