ARCTIC - Arctic and Subarctic Overview I Basic Divisions 1...

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Arctic and Subarctic Overview I. Basic Divisions 1. Ecological zones: tundra, coniferous mountain ranges; coniferous forests of the taiga, Greenland--glacier 2. Groups a. Inuit ( Aleut: Western and Eastern; Yupik: Siberian Yupik, General Central Yupik, Central Alaskan Yupik, Pacific Yupik, Inupiaq languages [sea animals and sea fish --coast, and large game, caribou--spread 4000 B.P.]) b. Dene -- many locality and tribal names (see map)-->Dene Nation [range from NW coast lifestyle to forest game and fresh-water fish] c. Algonkians (Cree, Ojibwa) [forest game and fresh-water fish] II. Subsistence Inuit pattern of complexes of technology 1. snow-ex. iglu 2. skin-sled (constructed of frozen fish and frozen skins, kayaks, umiaks) 3. bone--(sinew, knives, sleds--in lieu of wood) 4. stone (ground, not chipped--steatite/slate--ex. steatite seal oil lamp) (note use of cooper and even iron from Dene?) III. World view--Issue of "innate wisdom" vs. selection by consequences 1. Based on research of Richard Nelson--Make Prayers to the Raven (1983); Hunters of the
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ARCTIC - Arctic and Subarctic Overview I Basic Divisions 1...

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