Quant_ex - MEDSURG NURSING ISERIES CNE Objectives and...

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ISERIES MEDSURG NURSING CNE Objectives and Evaluation Form appear on page 30. Pilot Study of a Structured Aerobic Exercise Program for Hispanic Women During Treatment For Early-Stage Breast Cancer A 5-15 pound weight gain is not unusual for women under- going breast cancer treatment: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a structured exercise interven- tion during treatment in a pre- dominately Hispanic popula- tion of women. Barbara Owens, PhD, RN, OCN, is a Cliniccd Assistant Professor, Department of Acute Nursing, University of Texcis Health Science Center, School of Nursing, San Antonio, TX. Mary Jackson, MSN, RN, OCN, is Director, Wellness Program cind Patient cind Family Services, Cancer Therapy and Research Center at The UT Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX. Andrea Berndt,_ PhD, is a Faculty Member and Statisticicin, University of Texas Hedth Science Center, School of Nursing, San Antonio, TX. Acknowledgments: The authors grate- fully acknowledge the contribution of Wendy Crabbe and Andrea Solorio for their assistance with recruitment for this study. Note: The authors and all MEDSURG Nursing Editorial Board members reported no actual or potential conflict of interest in relation to this continuing nursing education article. Barbara Owens Mary Jackson Andrea Berndt W hile the risk for developing breast cancer may vary by age, lifestyle, and environmental and genetic factors, no woman is risk-free. About 182,460 women in the United States experienced invasive breast cancer in 2008, and about 40,480 women died from the disease. Right now, about 2.5 mil- lion breast cancer survivors live in the United States (American Cancer Society [ACS], 2008b). Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in Hispanic women (ACS, 2008a); population- based studies also show that they are more likely to be diagnosed at a later stage than non-Hispanic White women (Tammemagi, 2007). Epi- demiologie studies have reported a rising rate of breast cancer diagno- sis for Hispanic women (McNeil, 2006) perhaps due in part to the growing Hispanic population, (Americans, 2005). Quality of life (QOL) also may be threatened more intensely among Hispanic women because they are diag- nosed at a later stage, and more likely to undergo intense therapy and suffer the side effects of that therapy (Buki et al., 2008). Whenever breast cancer is diagnosed, improved adjuvant therapy regimens and better thera- py for recurrent disease increase survival and life span (Carlson et al., 2006; Chlebowski et al., 2006). Treatment is effective, but survival comes with a cost. Side effects plague many women during treat- ment. The National Cancer Institute is committed strongly to eliminating such suffering due to cancer and to improving treat- ment, thus reducing cancer-related health disparities such as those that exist in the Hispanic popula- tion (Thomas, Benjamin, Almario, & Lathan, 2006).
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