Kellogg_c1 - PSYC 135 COGNITION M. Greuter 1564-1638 1...

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1 PSYC 135 COGNITION Summer 2008 M. Greuter 1564-1638
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2 Course learning Objective • To develop an understanding of the issues related to cognitive ψ Historical perspective, definition, core concepts • Methodology: theory and application Behavioral and psychological measures • Functional neuro-anatomy: How does it work? The brain: the physiological substrate for cognition: • Synthesis and link with other disciplines Extension of the domain PSYC 135 COGNITION
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3 Course topics Chapter 1: Introduction to Cognitive Psychology Chapter 2: Perception Chapter 3: Attention and Consciousness Chapter 4: Memory systems Chapter 5: Remembering events Chapter 6: Memory distortions Chapter 7: Knowledge representation Chapter 8: Language Chapter 9: Problem solving Chapter 10: Reasoning and Decision making PSYC 135 COGNITION
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4 Introduction to Cognitive Psychology Historical Perspective Definition Core Concepts : Mental representations, stages of processing, serial vs. parallel processing, hierarchical systems, cognitive architecture, memory stores, consciousness, emotion. The Brain : anatomy and processing Research methods in cognitive sciences PSYC 135 COGNITION
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5 Introduction to cognitive ψ / Historical Perspective Plato (ca. 428-348 B.C, The Republic ): Rationalism: Knowledge is acquired through logical analysis. A tripartite division within the self: the rational soul (mind or intellect) , the spirited soul (will or volition), the appetitive soul (emotion or desire) Aristotle (384-322 B.C.): Empiricism: Acquisition of knowledge through experience and observation, “ tabula rasa » (blank slate). The philosophical roots of psychology: Rationalism vs. Empiricism Philosophy as a scientific study of soul-body relationships through empirical (observation- based) methods. Subjective psychology based on introspection ( intro : inward, spect : look) • Psychology of human: the soul is inherent to human kind PSYC 135 COGNITION
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6 Introduction to cognitive ψ / Historical Perspective Aristotle (384-322 B.C.): Empiricism: Laws of association: acivation of some concepts seems to automatically lead to the activation others Menatl processes are lawful and predictible Canari The philosophical roots of psychology: Rationalism vs. Empiricism PSYC 135 COGNITION
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7 Introduction to cognitive ψ / Historical Perspective The word Psychology was first introduced on the 18th century by the German philosopher Wolff (1679-1754): Psychology is the study of the manifestations of the soul. Metaphysic is the study of the elementary properties of the soul Subjective psychology is based on introspection (intro: inward, spect: look) Psychology of human : the soul is inherent to human kind Before Wolff, the study of the manifestations of the so-called soul, mind, thinking, memory, etc. was assimilated to the study of the nature of the soul.
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course PSYC 135 at San Jose State University .

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Kellogg_c1 - PSYC 135 COGNITION M. Greuter 1564-1638 1...

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