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Unformatted text preview: 11-6-7 lecture Noun X o Noun Y o location I /o o Noun X is the old info. - - - - I Where is the chicken? If it's a question, you try to ask whether there is a chicken in certain placeNoun Y o Location o Noun X o o /o Noun X is the new information. A: - - - - - - I What's in your bag. B: - - - - - - There's a chicken in the bag. A: B - - - - - - - - I F What's inside your bag? B: - - - - - - - - - - I I have a book and a note in my- bag. A: I - - - - - - - I F B: - - - - - - - - - I A: -- -Who is in this roomB: - I F - I F ~ ~ e H I F H Teachers and students are in this room. A: I -- -- -What's in your room? B: - - - - - - - - - - I have a dog and a cat in my room. - - ~ v A: - - - - I B: - - - - - - - I A: I - - - - - - I B: - - - I F - - - I A: I F - - I B: - - ~ v - I - I I have a question. Date o Event o o I * o I o I There are lectures on Tue and Thru. - I ~ v F - I There are recitation classes on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. - -~ v - -I ت - However, there's no class on Sat and Sun.- (- --here is to make a contrast.) In this sentence, - - can be - Place o Event o o o Time o Place o Event I o I o ooo o o o I There's a party in my house this week. I F - - - - - I We have quizzes on Tuesday and Thursday. - - -v~ -I F However, there's no quiz in recitation classes.- (- -- here is to make a contrast.) I -- Michigan Union -I -I F There's a concert at Michigan Union next Friday. Q: - - - ht A: Michigan Union ht @ E 6 Ji @ Around sometime=Time+o Q: ~ ~ Y+ fI * H 9 ~ Y+ A: ~ Y + h t Duration of the time: Number H @ * o About, almost; It uses at the situation where you describe a period of time, amount of volume, or amount of weight etc. PS.- Around; It only uses for specific point of time. It's different from ~eH - H@ F h ~ ~ e H p @ F H V Everyday, I study Japanese for 2 hours. @H F Q: H@ h t F ht A: - H@ F h h H V F P eH H e B: - - ~ ~ eH p @ ɺ F H Noun X o Wheno(o ) H 9 * P eH H eH H Y+ E @ E When I was a kid, I ate ice cream pretty often. (ht ) h ht H @ F (H @ ) ht When I was a high school student, I read books often. - A lot (amount) - Very frequently; often These two are different from each other.H eH E I ate a lot of @ ice cream yesterday. ~ ~ eH p @ F H V I read a lot yesterday. ~ eH I often read books.(In this case, we can't use past-tense. Since - is a frequency adverb, it describes something routine or continuously. Unlike where it can describe the activity in specific time, - cannot.- ) ...
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- Fall '07