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Unformatted text preview: Books,” ( Sishu u ) made this clear. F.This path of social service was also the path to be at one with the cosmos, represented by Tian (a.k.a., Heaven). Later, this goal was called: “Heaven and human become one” ( tian ren he yi u ) G.Today, Tu Wei-ming calls this the Confucian “anthropocosmic vision.” II. Daoists (Taoists): Master Lao (o &5th-4th century BCE) and Master Zhuang (o&4th-3rd century BCE) A.Affirmed the goodness of the physical world but had more ascetic tendencies (ref. Daodejing u [DDC] Ch. 12) B. Criticized Confucian ethics (DDC Chs. 18, 19, and 38) C.The Daoist “Dao” o differed from the Confucian Moral Way (ref. DDC Ch. 1) D. Return to simplicity was advocated, not social service E. Mystical practice (meditation) was advocated (ref. DDC, Ch. 10) F.Daoist Sagehood was the goal G.A Daoist utopia was imagined (DDC, Ch. 80)...
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- Confucianism, Chinese philosophy, personal cultivation, Late Zhou Dynasty China, DDC Chs.