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Unformatted text preview: MAS 10B Section 3 Barrera Covarrubias TIMELINE OF MEXICAN AMERICAN LITERATURE, HISTORY AND CULTURE PART I (PRE-1900) 1527 Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca becomes the first European to explore North America and leave a written record 1540 Explorers from Mexico first enter the Southwest 1598 Spain plans permanent missions, military posts, towns, and ranchos in New Mexico 1700 Spanish settlement of Arizona begins 1716 Spanish settlement of Texas begins 1769 Spanish settlement of Alta California begins; the first California mission is built 1810 Mexico's struggle for independence against Spain begins 1821 Mexico wins independence from Spain William Becknell opens the Santa Fe Trail, tying the Southwest to the United States 1825 Mexico gives land to American land agents who bring settlers to Texas 1835 The Texas Revolution begins. Battle of the Alamo 1836 Texas gains independence 1842 Mexico twice attempts to reclaim Texas 1845 Magazine editor John L. O'Sullivan uses the phrase Manifest Destiny to describe American expansion. Magazine editor John L....
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