A child that grows up protected from violence and abuse is more likely to grow up physically and mentally healthy, confident and self-respecting and less likely to abuse or exploit others. By contrast, when children are left unprotected and vulnerable to exploitation and abuse their childhood and their rights are fundamentally undermined. Ensuring a protective environment is the responsibility of governments, international organizations, civil societies, families and individuals. The key elements of the protective environment include: s Capacity of families and communities: All those who interact with children—parents, teachers, religious leaders alike – should observe protective child-rearing practices and have the knowledge, skills, motivation and support to recognize and respond to exploitation and abuse. s Government commitment and capacity: Governments should provide budgetary support for child protection, adopt appropriate social welfare policies to protect children’s rights, and ratify international conventions concerning children’s rights and protection with
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