Ethical Problems

Ethical Problems - Ethical Problems Strengths and Weakness...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 9/8/10 Ethical Problems Strengths and Weakness
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9/8/10 Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (October 15, 1844 –
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9/8/10 Against Conventional Morality: Friedrich Dubs utilitarianism the morality of the herd. He sets out a genology of morals – historically informed critique of how various moral principles came into being. Moral principles are seen by Nietzsche as attempts by the weak masses to protect themselves
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9/8/10 Beyond Good and Evil Nietzsche points to the complexity of human existence, the darkness and power of the unconscious forces of the human psyche. Nietzsche proposes a complete overcoming of conventional morality – a task ‘for the very few, a privilege for the strong’. ‘Spirits strong and original enough to
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9/8/10 Utilitarianism’s Problems To recap, utilitarianism must essentially have something to do with promoting happiness and well- being and minimizing unhappiness and misery. All for the greatest amount of people in society or community. One major problem rests on its “consequentialist” nature.
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9/8/10 Utilitarianism’s Problem For example, suppose you had to go to court for failing to pay a few parking fines. You are alone in a small courtroom with the judge, the bailiff, and the court reporter. After the bailiff reads the charges (“failure to pay three fines for expired parking meters”), you respond (“Guilty, your Honor”), and she announces her
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9/8/10 Utilitarianism’s Problems “What?!!” you scream. “Death for three lousy parking tickets??” The judge leans forward and whispers, “I know you don’t deserve this punishment, but there has been a rash of murders in our community, and a study has been released demonstrating that immediately after an execution, the crime rate drops
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9/8/10 Utilitarianism’s Problem “Hence, even though my decision may seem unfair to you personally, it will certainly promote the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number of people. So it is the only judgment I can really reach in good conscience.”
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9/8/10 Utilitarianism’s Problems Take another example: Sam, a basically normal, rather nondescript but “nice” human being, goes to the hospital to visit his only living relative, his senile, sick aunt. His visit coincides with five medical emergencies at the hospital. One person needs a liver transplant, another a spleen transplant, another a lung transplant,
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9/8/10 Utilitarianism’s Problem Each of the five patients is tremendously important, much-loved person whose death would bring a great deal of grief and actual physical discomfort to a great number of people. Sam’s death, on the other hand, would be mourned by no one (except possibly by his aunt in her lucid moments). The top members of
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Utilitarianism’s Problems Neither the parking meter violator nor Sam deserve the fate dished out by the executing judge and the hospital staff. Both cases are compatible with
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Ethical Problems - Ethical Problems Strengths and Weakness...

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