Scruton Architecture

Scruton Architecture - Roger Scruton. "The Problem of...

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Roger Scruton. “The Problem of Architecture” from The Aesthetics of Architecture , 1979. Scruton was professor of aesthetics at Birkbeck College, London, between 1971 and 1991. He has written over 30 books and also writes music, including an opera entitled the Minister. 1. Since buildings are places where humans work etc. the form is imposed by the needs and desires the buildings are supposed to fulfill. 1.1. Unlike other art forms it is not required that a building be aesthetic. 1.2. Also unlike other art forms the function of architecture stems from its essence. 2. Functionalism has many forms. 2.1. Popular form: true beauty in architecture consists in adapting form to function. 2.2. A crude form: since architecture involves adapting means to ends, we appreciate buildings as means, as contrasted to other art forms [he mentions on pg. 117 that crude functionalism would have us evaluate architecture in the same way we evaluate toilets]. 3. But what is valuing something as an end? 3.1. Collingwood distinguished art from craft, and architecture is a craft in Collingwood’s sense. 3.1.1. Yet architecture synthesizes art and craft (doesn’t just mix them), which poses a problem for Collingwood’s distinction. 3.2. To see architecture as art in Collingwood’s sense would be to see it as an expressive activity. 3.3. But there is no craft of expression for Collingwood as there is no procedure to follow in expression. 4.
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Scruton Architecture - Roger Scruton. "The Problem of...

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