Conceptual Analysis and its Criticisms

# Conceptual Analysis and its Criticisms - L et a conceptual...

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Let a conceptual analysis of a concept C be a decomposition of C into concepts c 1 …c n such that the following conditions hold. C c 1 c n- is true C c 1 c n- - is a priori C c 1 c n- is informative C c 1 c n- is non - circular c 1 c n- is complete Example : Plato’s tripartite analysis of knowledge S knows that P S believes that P P is true S is justified in believing that P
The case method procedure has the following form: Direct Method Step 1 pick cases in which C is true. Step 2 reflect on the cases. Step 3 find those features that are in common to all and only those cases selected in Step 1 . Make sure cases picked in direct method are representative. Falsification Method For any given conditional, test to see whether the conditional is true by coming up with a counter example, a case in which the antecedent of the conditional is true, but the consequent is false. This holds because a conditional is false just in case its antecedent is true and its consequent is false.

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At least part of the methodology of conceptual analysis rests on the idea that a subject can be justified in believing that a conditional is false if they have intuition that a certain scenario is such that the antecedent of the conditional is true. And the consequent of the conditional is false. ‘Intuition’ minimally means that one has a conscious episode in which it seems that a proposition is true.
Consider the conditional: If some A are B and some B are C, then some A are C. The conditional is true, just in case there is no instance of it where the antecedent is true, and the conditional false. Consider the following case If some even numbers are whole numbers, and some whole numbers are odd numbers, then some even numbers are odd numbers. In thinking through and understanding the conditional one has the intuition that the antecedent is true, and the consequent false.

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At least one well known problem with conceptual analysis is that it leads to the paradox of analysis. Socrates in discussion in
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Conceptual Analysis and its Criticisms - L et a conceptual...

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