Schwartz_1999 - APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY: AN INTERNATIONAL...

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Unformatted text preview: APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY: AN INTERNATIONAL REVIEW, 1999, 48 (1), 23–47 Requests for reprints should be sent to Professor Shalom H. Schwartz, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Department of Psychology, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem 91905, Israel. Preparation of this manuscript was facilitated by grant No. 94-00063 from the United States–Israel Binational Science Foundation (BSF), by grant No. 187/92 from the Basic Research Foundation (Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities), and by the Leon and Clara Sznajderman Chair of Psychology. The contributions of the researchers (listed on p.47) who gathered data used here are gratefully acknowledged. My thanks to Anat Bardi, Marina Barnea, Eetta Prince-Gibson, Ariel Knafo, Gila Melech, Sonia Roccas, Galit Sagie, Lilach Sagiv, Naomi Struch, and Noga Sverdlik for their comments on earlier drafts of this paper. q 1999 International Association of Applied Psychology A Theory of Cultural Values and Some Implications for Work Shalom H. Schwartz The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel On pre ´sente dans cet article une théorie des catégories de valeurs à partir desquelles les cultures peuvent être comparées; cette théorie est validée gra ˆce à des données en provenance de 49 pays du monde entier. Sept catégories de valeurs ont été identiées et réparties sur trois dimensions bipolaires: Conservatisme opposé a ` Autonomie intellectuelle et affective, Hiérarchie opposée à Egalitarisme, Domination opposée à Harmonie. Les pays sont situés dans un espace bidimensionnel en fonction de leurs valeurs fondamentales, faisant apparaître des regroupements culturellement signicatifs. Les analyses portent sur des e ´chantillons d’enseignants et d’étudiants. On explicite l’impact de la différenciation des valeurs culturelles selon les pays sur les différences de signication du travail. An de stimuler la recherche sur le travail et les valeurs culturelles, on énonce des hypothèses concernant les principaux aspects des valeurs culturelles qui sont particulièrement compatibles ou en contradiction avec la centralité du travail, avec diverses normes de société touchant le travail, et avec la poursuite de quatre types de valeurs ou buts professionnels. A theory of the types of values on which cultures can be compared is presented and validated with data from 49 nations from around the world. Seven types of values are identied, structured along three polar dimensions: Conservatism versus Intellectual and Affective Autonomy; Hierarchy versus Egalitarianism; and Mastery versus Harmony. Based on their cultural value priorities, nations 24 SCHWARTZ are arrayed in a two-dimensional space, revealing meaningful groupings of culturally related nations. Analyses replicate with both teacher and student samples. Implications of national differences in cultural values for differences in meaning of work are explicated. To stimulate research on cultural values and work, hypotheses are developed regarding the cultural value emphases...
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Schwartz_1999 - APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY: AN INTERNATIONAL...

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