NATION_STATE - Ethnicity • Creating social identity:...

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Unformatted text preview: Ethnicity • Creating social identity: similarity and difference • Us/Them dynamic categories • Imagined but not illusionary, has consequences • Is conflict inevitable? • Most potent form: ethnicity – Concentration of shared characteristics – Arises out of unequal interactions – Operates at multiples levels – REALLY matters in certain contexts Nations, States • Nation versus state STATES • Defined territory (borders) • Monopoly on legitimate use of force (armed forces) • Central government • Administrative structures and units (states, republics, provinces) • Management of resources – projects of “development” – issues of environment and “conservation” Nation State • Nation and nation- state now refer to an autonomous, centrally organized, political entity. • Ethnic groups are not necessarily so formally, politically organized. • The majority of all nation-states have more than one ethnic group in their constituent populations, and the multi- ethnicity of all countries is increasing. Nations,States (cont) • Creation of “imagined community” – citizens in legal sense – cultural citizenship – language and education – print/popular media • International recognition and participation • Problems: Mixing, Splitting • How to manage multi-ethnic states – Policies of assimilation and control – Granting local autonomy Colonialism • Colonialism helped create imagined communities as different ethnic groups under the control of the same...
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course ANTH 146 at San Jose State University .

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NATION_STATE - Ethnicity • Creating social identity:...

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