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NATION_STATE - Ethnicity Creating social identity...

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Ethnicity Creating social identity: similarity and difference Us/Them dynamic categories Imagined but not illusionary, has consequences Is conflict inevitable? Most potent form: ethnicity Concentration of shared characteristics Arises out of unequal interactions Operates at multiples levels REALLY matters in certain contexts
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Nations, States Nation versus state STATES Defined territory (borders) Monopoly on legitimate use of force (armed forces) Central government Administrative structures and units (states, republics, provinces) Management of resources projects of “development” issues of environment and “conservation”
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Nation State Nation and nation - state now refer to an autonomous, centrally organized, political entity. Ethnic groups are not necessarily so formally, politically organized. The majority of all nation -states have more than one ethnic group in their constituent populations, and the multi- ethnicity of all countries is increasing.
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Nations,States (cont) Creation of “imagined community” citizens in legal sense cultural citizenship language and education print/popular media International recognition and participation Problems: Mixing, Splitting How to manage multi-ethnic states Policies of assimilation and control Granting local autonomy
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Colonialism Colonialism helped create imagined communities as different ethnic
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