transcultural_perspective_reserach_proposals - ScWk 242...

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ScWk 242 San José State University Spring 2008 School of Social Work Week 14 Instructor: Edward Cohen The Transcultural Perspective and Social Work Research Design: Guidelines for Proposals The transcultural perspective can be applied to research as well as practice. The transcultural perspective embraces five interrelated but distinct dimensions of diversity: 1) Cultural knowledge: recognizing the importance of culture in social work at all levels of practice; 2) Cultural competence: applying principles of cultural competence in practice; 3) Power, privilege and oppression: understanding dynamics of power, privilege, oppression, and structural contexts; 4) Positionality and self-reflexivity: maintaining an awareness of ones own cultural perspectives, values, and beliefs; and 5) Respectful partnership: demonstrating respect in interactions with client systems. I. Cultural Knowledge Research with a transcultural perspective requires knowledge of concepts and processes related to culture and how these intersect with social work concerns. This dimension of the transcultural model focuses on the discovery of key knowledge about the construct of culture as well as processes for how to locate knowledge about various cultural communities. Thus, the dimension highlights both knowledge and the process of inquiry. Knowledge of cultures is required in order to ask the right research questions. This is important since the questions drive how we measure constructs and how we interpret the data. Measurement of constructs and the operationalization of variables require cultural knowledge in order to ensure the validity and reliability of our survey questions and scales and minimize measurement error. Survey questions should be translated and back-translated to ensure validity. Knowledge of cultures is also required in order to develop appropriate methods of data collection. Interpreting results requires cultural knowledge. Results from both quantitative and qualitative studies can be ambiguous, and the more cultural knowledge the researcher has the more relevant and accurate the interpretations of the findings. Summary of key points to address in research:
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course SCWK 242 at San Jose State.

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transcultural_perspective_reserach_proposals - ScWk 242...

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