AASOL - Exam 4 Notes

AASOL - Exam 4 Notes - Chapter 3 Federalism States Nation...

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Federalism – a system under which significant government powers are divided between the central government and smaller units (states/provinces). Neither one completely controls the others, each has independent room for action. 1. Confederation – the constituent states get together for certain common purposes but retain ultimate individual authority & can veto major central government actions. (United Nations, European Union, American Government) 2. Unitary System – the central government has all the power and can change its constituent unit or tell them what Supremacy Clause – Article VI states the Constitution, laws, and treaties of the United States shall be the “supreme law of the land” 1. Article I, Section 8 – enumerates what kinds of laws Congress has the power to pass 2. Reservation Clause – The powers by the Constitution to the states are “reserved to the states” Article VII “done in Convention by the unanimous consent of the states present & provides that the Constitution would go into effect when a conventions of nine states ratified it. 1. Article V provides Constitution can be amended only when conventions or the legislatures of three-quarters of the states ratify an amendment 2. Article IV, Section 3 makes clear that no states can be combined or divided into new states without the consent of the state legislatures concerned 3. Thus, the state governments have charge of ratifying & amending the Constitution, and the states control their own boundaries 4. States play a key part in the electoral college system of choosing a president in which each state has votes equal to the number of its senators & representatives combines, with the president elected by a majority of electoral votes, not a majority of popular votes (Article II, Section 1) Horizontal Federalism – Article IV of the Constitution, each state is required to give “full faith & credit” to the public acts, 1. People in one state cannot evade financial obligations by moving to another state 2. Private financial agreements among people/companies in one state are valid in all the other states & the court of one state must be recognized by the others Necessary & Proper Clause – Article I, Section 8. Active National Government to tackle whatever problems might emerge to threaten the peace & prosperity of the United States or the general welfare of its people Dual Federalism – that there are distinct, nonoverlapping areas of responsibility for the national & state government & that
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AASOL - Exam 4 Notes - Chapter 3 Federalism States Nation...

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