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EDOs and Drug Abuse Presentation

EDOs and Drug Abuse Presentation - Laura Barker Asha Koshy...

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Laura Barker Asha Koshy Juan-Carlos Cerritos Vashti Hayes
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Etiology/psychopathology
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Risk Factors Frequently identified risk factors: body dissatisfaction, dieting, early puberty and onset of menarche, weight-related teasing, peer and media pressures, low self-esteem, personality, depression, anxiety, occupation, high level of stress experienced, and maladaptive coping strategies Study focuses on internal/external behaviors, and peer victimization
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Definitions Externalizing Behaviors: Acting out Use of drugs, alcohol, stealing Boys more likely to exhibit Internalizing Behaviors: Anxiety, depression, suicide Girls more likely to exhibit Strong link between internalizing behaviors and drug abuse
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Peer victimization Weight-related teasing known to be related to partial eating disorders (EDs) Compared to their peers without eating problems, both adolescent boys and girls with disordered eating (DE) are more likely to have experienced physical abuse and sexual victimization
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Results More females than males had DE Internalizing/Externalizing behaviors The group with no eating problem had significantly lower scores on internalizing and externalizing behaviors than most other groups across time. Overtime both decreased
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Results Alcohol and Drug Use Overtime both increased Frequencies not related to DE in females, drug use more frequent in boys Victimization and Depression Those with no eating disorders had less victimization and lower depressive scores
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Conclusions Boys less likely to have EDO, but equal boys and girls in increasing EDO group EPs strongly associated with Internalizing and Externalizing behavior problems Usually boys-external, girls-internal, however with EPs does not follow gender pattern
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Conclusions Psychopathies in transient EP groups can be as severe as in chronic group Increasing problems group could not be distinguished at time 1 could likely transition unnoticed into adulthood with serious eating problems/psychological issues Lack of link between EPs and frequency of alcohol and drug use
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Pathophysiology
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Normal vs. Abnormal Normal: Reward: Participating in activity Punishment: Restricting from activity Abnormal: Reward: Use of Alcohol and food as reward
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