Sara Magliulo 298 - Predictors of Academic School-Year...

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Predictors of Academic School-Year Completion 1 Running head: PREDICTORS OF ACADEMIC SCHOOL-YEAR COMPLETION Examining Counseling Services, Familial Support, Involvement in the Legal System, and Teenage Parenthood as Predictors of Academic School-Year Completion by Sara Magliulo A Social Work 298 Special Project Presented to the Faculty of the College of Social Work San José State University In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Social Work Amy D’Andrade, M.S.W., Ph. D., 298 Project Chair Lissette Moore-Guerra, L.C.S.W, P.P.S.C., Agency Field Instructor May 5, 2009
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Predictors of Academic School-Year Completion 2 Abstract The purpose of this quantitative study was to investigate whether receiving counseling services, having familial support, being involved in the legal system, and being a teen parent were related to high school academic year completion. This quantitative cross-sectional research used a convenience sample of 208 student-intake forms from a local continuation high school in San Jose, California. This study was a secondary data analysis; it examined student-intake forms from the junior class for the 2007-2008 academic year. The hypotheses of the study were that students who received counseling services and/or had familial support had an increased likelihood of completing the academic school year, and that students who had involvement in the legal system and/or were teen parents had a decreased likelihood of completing the academic school year. The study results did not support the hypothesis that counseling services, familial support, involvement in the legal system, or teenage parenthood were related to academic school-year completion. This study indicates that further research is needed to examine different variables as well as to conduct qualitative interviews for an accurate explanation of the findings.
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Predictors of Academic School-Year Completion 3 Introduction Although every child in the United States has the right to a free, public education, large numbers of students continue to drop out of high school. This number is disproportionately high for alternative high schools, where the student population is comprised of mainly racial and ethnic minorities and tends to face a larger number of risk factors such as living in poverty, teenage pregnancy, gang involvement, and limited social support. In the rapidly advancing society of today, being educated is essential to securing employment and having a financially stable life. A high school diploma is not only required for the vast majority of jobs, but is directly related to higher incomes as compared to workers who did not graduate from high school. Thus, it is important that youth remain in school long enough to earn their high school diploma. This quantitative research examined the relationship between multiple variables and academic school-year completion at an alternative high school. These variables included receiving counseling services, having
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course SCWK 298 at San Jose State University .

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Sara Magliulo 298 - Predictors of Academic School-Year...

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