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SW131 Week 5 - Strengthening Families Social Work 131 Week...

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Strengthening Families Social Work 131 Week 5 Kumpfer Reading on the course website: http://www.strengtheningfamilies.org/html/lit_review_1
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Outline 1. Family Influence of Juvenile Delinquency 2. Review of Family Strengthening Programs 3. Principles of Effective Family-Based Programs 4. Family Strengthening Project
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Statistics Although general decline in overall violent crime, disproportionate representation of youth
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Note: Rates are arrests of persons ages 10-17 per 100,000 persons ages 10-17 in the resident population. In 2008, there were 6,318 arrests for every 100,000 youths ages 10 through 17 in the United States. The overall juvenile arrest rate was lower in 2008 than in 1980. Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://ojjdp.ncjrs.org/ojstatbb/crime/JAR_Display.asp?ID=qa05200. October 31, 2009.
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Introduction Working with children and youth is much easier than working with parents and other family members. Children and adolescents are generally more accessible through schools or community groups for participation in delinquency prevention activities than are entire families. Although efforts focusing on youth should be continued, mounting evidence demonstrates that strengthening the family has a more enduring impact on the child.
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Premise Prevention is key. “Improving parenting practice and the family environment is the most effective and enduring strategy for reducing juvenile delinquency and associated behavioral and emotional problems.” Therefore, need programs that works with families, not just the youth.
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Application to our practice setting Can you name programs that focus on the entire family as a means to prevent dysfunction? What are those? How do they operate, what types of services to they provide to the entire family?
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Cycle of Abuse/Violence Youth living with family conflict, community disorganization, and economic disadvantages; high risk for becoming perpetrators and victims of violence. Clear link between child’s level of exposure to violence and propensity to commitment violent acts later in life. Social Learning Theory (Bandura)
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DEVELOPMENTAL PATHWAYS TO DELINQUENCY There are many pathways to delinquency and a variety of family circumstances contribute to negative behavior in children. The probability of a child becoming a delinquent increases rapidly as the number of family problems or risk factors increases.
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