Farrakhan-Opinion-1-5-10

Farrakhan-Opinion-1-5-10 - FOR PUBLICATION UNITED STATES...

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Unformatted text preview: FOR PUBLICATION UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT M UHAMMAD S HABAZZ F ARRAKHAN , aka Ernest S. Walker; A L-K AREEM S HADEED ; M ARCUS X. P RICE ; R AMON B ARRIENTES ; T IMOTHY No. 06-35669 S CHAAF ; C LIFTON B RICENO , D.C. No. Plaintiffs-Appellants, CV-96-0076-RHW v. OPINION C HRISTINE O. G REGOIRE ; S AM R EED ; H AROLD W. C LARKE ; S TATE OF W ASHINGTON , Defendants-Appellees. Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Washington Robert H. Whaley, District Judge, Presiding Argued and Submitted April 8, 2008Seattle, Washington Filed January 5, 2010 Before: Stephen Reinhardt, A. Wallace Tashima, and M. Margaret McKeown, Circuit Judges. Opinion by Judge Tashima Dissent by Judge McKeown 107 Case: 06-35669 01/05/2010 Page: 1 of 51 DktEntry: 7182411 COUNSEL Ryan P. Haygood, NAACP Legal Defense & Educational Fund, Inc., New York, New York, for the plaintiffs- appellants. Carol Murphy, Deputy Solicitor General, Olympia, Washing- ton, for the defendants-appellees. Peter A. Danelo, Heller Ehrman, Seattle, Washington, for the amici curiae American Civil Liberties Union and ACLU of Washington. Juan Cartagena, New York, New York, for the amicus curiae Community Service Society. Sam Hirsch, Jenner & Block, Washington, DC, for the amici curiae National Black Police Association, National Latino Officers Association of America, and Zachary W. Carter, et al., eight prominent former state and federal law-enforcement officials. Derek S. Tarson, Debevoise & Plimpton, New York, New York, for the amici curiae Alfred Blumstein, et al., 23 leading criminologists. OPINION TASHIMA, Circuit Judge: Plaintiffs, minority citizens of Washington state who have lost their right to vote pursuant to the states felon disenfran- chisement provision, filed this action in 1996 challenging that provision on the ground that, due to racial discrimination in the states criminal justice system, the automatic disenfran- chisement of felons results in the denial of the right to vote 113 F ARRAKHAN v. G REGOIRE Case: 06-35669 01/05/2010 Page: 2 of 51 DktEntry: 7182411 on account of race, in violation of 2 of the Voting Rights Act (VRA), 42 U.S.C. 1973. We earlier reversed the dis- trict courts grant of summary judgment to Defendants. See Farrakhan v. Washington , 338 F.3d 1009 (9th Cir. 2003), cert. denied , 543 U.S. 984 (2004) ( Farrakhan I ). On remand, the district court again granted summary judgment to Defendants. Plaintiffs timely appeal. We reverse and grant summary judgment to Plaintiffs. I. BACKGROUND Plaintiffs Muhammad Shabazz Farrakhan, Al-Kareem Shadeed, Marcus Price, Ramon Barrientes, Timothy Schaaf, and Clifton Briceno (collectively, Plaintiffs) are minority citi- zens 1 who were convicted of felonies in Washington. Id. at 1012. As a result of their felony convictions, Plaintiffs lost their right to vote pursuant to Washingtons felon disenfran- chisement law as set forth in Article VI, 3 of the Washing-...
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Farrakhan-Opinion-1-5-10 - FOR PUBLICATION UNITED STATES...

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